a nonnoble hereditary landholding in feudal France; usually held by peasants. The censitaire—that is, the holder of a censive—paid an annual cens to the seignieur; the payment was rendered usually in cash but sometimes in kind.

The censive became a common form of landholding in the 12th and 13th centuries as a result of the development of commodity-money relations and the decline of the landowner-serf economy. The seignieur had the right to demand certain obligations in addition to the cens; he had the right to banality (seeBANALITY) and escheat, and he retained jurisdiction in the area and supreme ownership of the land. As a rule, the conditions of the holding were not liable to change, and the size of the cens remained the same from generation to generation. The censitaire had the right to will the censive to another person, to mortgage or lease it, or to sell it, on the condition of the payment of a special duty.

From the 16th to 18th centuries, the censive was the most common form of peasant landholding. It was abolished during the French Revolution by a decree of the Convention on July 17, 1793.


Skazkin, S. D. “Fevdist Erve i ego uchenie o tsenzive.” In the collection Srednie veka, fasc. 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1942.
Skazkin, S. D. Ocherki po istorii zapadno-evropeiskogo krest’ianstva v srednie veka. Moscow, 1968. Pages 225–26.
Konokotin, A. V. “K voprosu o vremeni vozniknoveniia tsenzivy v feodal’noi Frantsii.” In the collection Srednie veka, fasc. 36. Moscow, 1973.
Konokotin, A. V. “Tsenziva v derevne Severnoi Frantsii v period razvitogo feodalizma (XII–XIV vv.).” Srednie veka, fasc. 39. Moscow, 1975.
References in periodicals archive ?
** Universite de Nantes, LEMNA, BP 52231 Chemin de la Censive du Tertre, 44322 Nantes Cedex, France.
Darne: LEMNA, University of Nantes, Chemin de la Censive du Tertre, Nantes, France.
Or, la valeur des rentes constituees etablie pour chaque censive lors de la confection des cadastres des annees 1850 equivaut aux anciennes rentes seigneuriales.
Por lo tanto, al senor se le dificultaba seguir los cambios de ocupantes en la tenencia o censive *.
Al senor le resultaba cada vez mas dificil seguir de cerca y saber cuales eran los cambios de ocupantes en la tenencia o censive *.
Censive. Superficie de tierra cedida mediante contrato por un senor a un campesino o labrador, a cambio del pago de un censo, generalmente perpetuo.
Contract notice: modification of pmr access - censive building
The purpose of this consultation is to provide, supply and install furniture to equip the cafeteria with letters in Nantes located in the Tertre building of the University of Nantes: chemin de la Censive du Tertre - 44322 Nantes Cedex 3.
Address : Numro National D~identification : 25600503400069, 9164 Avenue Des Censives, 60000, Tille, F
Contractor address : ZA de Tille Avenue des Censives