Census of Marine Life


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Census of Marine Life,

an international program (2001–2010) to assess and explain the diversity, distribution, and abundance of living organisms in the oceans. A project involving more than 2,700 scientists and some 80 nations, the census was directed by an international scientific steering committee, subcommittees, and national and regional committees. In addition to coordinating field surveys, which discovered more than 6,000 possibly new species, the census produced the Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) to manage the database that resulted; OBIS is now maintained by UNESCO's Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission. Historical research was also undertaken to provide an understanding of the past diversity and distribution of marine species. The secretariat for the project was at the Consortium for Oceanographic Research and Education, Washington, D.C.

Bibliography

See A. D. McIntyre, Life in the World's Oceans (2010), P. V. R. Snelgrove, Discoveries of the Census of Marine Life (2010).

References in periodicals archive ?
When the Census of Marine Life is added to work done before it, scientists have, the Census researchers report, identified more than 190,000 different species that live underwater.
This book has taken a great first step in making the initial outcomes of the Census of Marine Life more accessible.
The "roll call" was published in the run-up to the long-awaited final report from the Census of Marine Life in October.
For every two species found in deep sea, one is bound to be new to science", pointed out Dr Mohideen Wafar, chairman of the Indian Ocean Census of Marine Life project based in Goa.
Robert Carney, an oceanographer at Louisiana State University, who co-leads the study of the ocean depths as part of the wider international Census of Marine Life (COML) said, "The diversity of life in the deep sea is much, much greater than we believed.
The finds, at Lizard and Heron islands on the Great Barrier Reef, and Ningaloo Reef in north-western Australia, surprised researchers taking part in the global Census of Marine Life (CoML).
He said the authority was now talking to CenSeam (Global Census of Marine Life on Seamounts) to conduct a similar study of the genetic make-up of seamounts, submerged mountains that teem with life, but are also home to mineral resources.
A former member of the Census of Marine Life Seamounts scientific committee, Koslow has long been a voice for global stewardship of the high seas, and has been instrumental in drawing attention to the need for conservation of seamounts and deepwater corals.
Scientists working for the Census of Marine Life searched through sales records, fishery yearbooks and other sources to trace the demise of the Atlantic bluefin in northern Europe.
The study forms part of the International Census of Marine Microbes (ICoMM), a project of the Census of Marine Life, a 10-year global initiative started in year 2000 that now involves more than 1,700 researchers in more than 70 countries in efforts to assess and explain the diversity, distribution, and abundance of life in the oceans-past, present, and future.
36), In addition, innovative research programs such as the Census of Marine Life, a 10-year initiative by scientists in 70 countries, are helping to develop new partnerships and technologies that examine the intersection of marine life and fisheries, in areas from sea mounts to open upper oceans.
Even in the best studied seas of Europe and elsewhere, the rapid ongoing discovery of new marine species shows no end in sight, according to the world's first Census of Marine Life (COML), a massive collaboration to catalog and map marine species worldwide involving hundreds of scientists.
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