Picarel

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Picarel

 

(Spicara smaris), a fish of the order Perciformes. The body, which is covered with ctenoid scales, is about 20 cm long and weighs about 80 g. The dorsal fin is continuous, and the mouth can be extended in the form of a tube. The body is marked with longitudinal blue stripes, and there are blue spots on the unpaired fins. The picarel is distributed in the eastern Atlantic Ocean, the Mediterranean Sea, the Black Sea, and the Sea of Azov. It occasionally enters the lower courses of rivers. Spawning occurs from April to June; the eggs are deposited on the bottom or on algae. The picarel is often found in catches with other fishes.

REFERENCE

Svetovidov, A. N. Ryby Chernogo moria. Moscow-Leningrad, 1964.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In this group a shift towards Centracanthidae (Spicara flexuosa, Centracanthus cirrus) and a simultaneous decline in consumption of Clupeiformes was observed.
The shift towards large fish prey (i.e., Centracanthidae) usually occurs slightly before maturity--the life history stage with much higher energetic demands due to gonad development (Ross, 1978).
0.01 Centracanthidae Centracanthus cirrus Clorophthalmus agassizi 0.01 Conger conger Echiodon dentatus Engraulis encrasicolus 1.95 11.61 Gadiculus argenteus Gobiidae 0.04 0.02 Gobius quadrimaculatus 0.02 Lepidotrigla dieuzedei Lesuerigobius friesii 0.01 Merluccius merluccius Mullus barbatus Myctophidae 0.30 0.28 Nettastoma melanurum 0.02 Sardina pilchardus 0.05 45.23 Sphyraena sphyraena Spicara flexuosa Spicara sp.
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