Central Bohemia

Central Bohemia


(Středočeský kraj), an administrative-territorial unit in Czechoslovakia, in the Czech Socialist Republic. Area, 11,200 sq km, including Prague, a separate administrative unit. Population, 1.2 million (2.4 million including Prague; 1974, estimate). The administrative center is Prague.

The northern part of Central Bohemia, in the area around the Elbe (Labe) River, is mostly flat; the southern part, in the basin of the Vltava (Moldau) River, is more rugged, with forests and hills. Central Bohemia is noted for its highly developed industry and intensive agriculture. It accounts for 9 percent (with Prague, 18 percent) of Czechoslovakia’s industrial output and 11 percent of the agricultural output. Coal is mined at Kladno and Rakovm’k; iron ore and complex ores are also mined. There are steam power plants in Mêlnik and Prague, and hydroelectric power plants on the Vltava River. The region’s metallurgy is centered at Kladno. Machine building is concentrated in Prague and its environs, Miada Boleslav, Kolín, and Kladno, with production of various kinds of industrial equipment, machine tools, electrical goods, and motor vehicles. Central Bohemia’s chemical industry, centered in Kolín, Kralupy nad Vltavou, and Nerato-vice, produces mineral fertilizers, man-made fibers, and synthetic rubber. Other local products include building materials (cement), wood products, consumer goods, and foodstuffs, especially sugar.

Central Bohemia’s agriculture, which typically makes use of highly intensive methods, is noted for the production of grains, especially wheat and barley, and sugar beets. Such crops are grown in conjunction with highly developed animal husbandry, in which the production of meat and some dairy products is emphasized. Large quantities of fruits and vegetables are raised. Hops are also grown in the western part of Central Bohemia, which accounts for one-third of Czechoslovakia’s total hops production.


References in periodicals archive ?
The following are the subject of performance of the public contract: a) loan of two new fully automatic coagulometers for basic and special coagulation tests to ensure continuous operation of the coagulation laboratory of the hematology-transfusion department of the district hospital mlad boleslav, as, central bohemia hospital according to the technical specification below.
The central promotional theme of CzechTourism in 2017 has been West and Central Bohemia, showcasing the rich cultural and historical attractions available such as spas & wellness resorts and chateaux hotels, and original Czech traditions such as glass and crystal making.
6 billion) in the second wave of greening of North Bohemia's brown coal power plants, Ota Schnepp, the CEZ spokesman for North and Central Bohemia, told Czech News Agency CTK.
OPTAGLIO has built an international scientific team and large research center, OPTAGLIO Labs, in Lochovice in Central Bohemia (Czech Republic).
It should be also mentioned that two NUTS III regions--Prague and Central Bohemia were joined into one territory.
The initiative is financed by the EU under a regional operational programme for Central Bohemia.
Difference population (expenditure (2009) minus revenue) Central Bohemia 1,247,533 72.
Most cases were reported from Prague and the central Bohemia region.
At least one woman is dead, after her home collapsed in Trebenice u Prahy, southwest of Prague and two people are missing after their raft overturned on the River Berounka in Hlasna Treban in central Bohemia.
Situated on the Vltava River in central Bohemia, Prague has been the political, cultural and economic centre of the Czech state for well over a thousand years.
In the Czech Republic, the company is currently developing a 2 MW plant in central Bohemia.
Situated on the River Vltava in central Bohemia, Prague is among the most visited cities on the continent with an inimitable atmosphere created by its millennium of history.

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