Central Bohemia

Central Bohemia


(Středočeský kraj), an administrative-territorial unit in Czechoslovakia, in the Czech Socialist Republic. Area, 11,200 sq km, including Prague, a separate administrative unit. Population, 1.2 million (2.4 million including Prague; 1974, estimate). The administrative center is Prague.

The northern part of Central Bohemia, in the area around the Elbe (Labe) River, is mostly flat; the southern part, in the basin of the Vltava (Moldau) River, is more rugged, with forests and hills. Central Bohemia is noted for its highly developed industry and intensive agriculture. It accounts for 9 percent (with Prague, 18 percent) of Czechoslovakia’s industrial output and 11 percent of the agricultural output. Coal is mined at Kladno and Rakovm’k; iron ore and complex ores are also mined. There are steam power plants in Mêlnik and Prague, and hydroelectric power plants on the Vltava River. The region’s metallurgy is centered at Kladno. Machine building is concentrated in Prague and its environs, Miada Boleslav, Kolín, and Kladno, with production of various kinds of industrial equipment, machine tools, electrical goods, and motor vehicles. Central Bohemia’s chemical industry, centered in Kolín, Kralupy nad Vltavou, and Nerato-vice, produces mineral fertilizers, man-made fibers, and synthetic rubber. Other local products include building materials (cement), wood products, consumer goods, and foodstuffs, especially sugar.

Central Bohemia’s agriculture, which typically makes use of highly intensive methods, is noted for the production of grains, especially wheat and barley, and sugar beets. Such crops are grown in conjunction with highly developed animal husbandry, in which the production of meat and some dairy products is emphasized. Large quantities of fruits and vegetables are raised. Hops are also grown in the western part of Central Bohemia, which accounts for one-third of Czechoslovakia’s total hops production.


References in periodicals archive ?
It is a stretch of road extravilEinovE' II / 324 the beginning of the treatment is the border of Central Bohemia and end of adjustment after the beginning of the village Skochovice.
The initiative is financed by the EU under a regional operational programme for Central Bohemia.
To date, the association's main public platform has been appearances at specialist forums, starting with the international interdisciplinary conference marking the 400th anniversary of the death of Emperor Rudolf II, entitled Rudolfine Kutna Hora, which took place at the Central Bohemia Gallery in Kutna Hora from it to 13 June 2012.
Most cases were reported from Prague and the central Bohemia region.
At least one woman is dead, after her home collapsed in Trebenice u Prahy, southwest of Prague and two people are missing after their raft overturned on the River Berounka in Hlasna Treban in central Bohemia.
Situated on the Vltava River in central Bohemia, Prague has been the political, cultural and economic centre of the Czech state for well over a thousand years.
In the Czech Republic, the company is currently developing a 2 MW plant in central Bohemia.
Situated on the River Vltava in central Bohemia, Prague is among the most visited cities on the continent with an inimitable atmosphere created by its millennium of history.
This rare, high quality garnet is only found in the Central Bohemia region of northern Czech Republic.
On the basis of this serosurvey, recent infections with WNV (in contrast to South Moravia after the 1997 flood [5,6]), SINV, and BATV have not been found in Central Bohemia after the flood.
Prime Minister Vladimir Spidla declared a state of emergency in Prague and South Bohemia, Central Bohemia, Plzen and Karlovy Vary regions.

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