Central Institute of Aircraft Engine Construction

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Central Institute of Aircraft Engine Construction


(full name, P. I. Baranov Central Institute of Aircraft Engine Construction), founded in 1930 in Moscow by a resolution of the Revolutionary Military Council of the USSR on the basis of the reciprocating-engine department of the Central Aerodynamic and Hydrodynamic Institute, the aircraft-engine department of the Automobile and Engine Scientific Research Institute, and the design office of the M. V. Frunze Aviation Plant.

Prior to the Great Patriotic War of 1941–45, the Central Institute of Aircraft Engine Construction developed reciprocating aircraft engines that burned light or heavy fuel. Since 1945, the institute has dealt with research and development in gas dynamics, thermal physics, and the strength of materials, as applied to jet aircraft engines, as well as with problems of, for example, increasing the reliability and service life of aircraft engines, suppressing engine noise, and protecting the environment against aircraft exhaust emissions.

The institute has a computing center as well as production and experimental facilities for laboratory research and tests of aircraft engines at various altitudes and speeds. It publishes Trudy (Transactions) and symposia. The institute was awarded the Order of Lenin in 1945.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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