Central Transcaucasian Archaeological Culture

Central Transcaucasian Archaeological Culture

 

a culture of Transcaucasian tribes widespread in the late Bronze and early Iron ages (13th to seventh centuries B.C). The origin of the cultures of the present-day peoples of Transcaucasia can be traced to various local variants of the Central Transcaucasian archaeological culture, such as the Khodzhali-Kedabek culture.

The Central Transcaucasian culture is represented by numerous burial grounds and several settlements. The most characteristic burial structures are cists and barrows, often with cromlechs; the dead were buried in a sitting position. Among the items found in the graves were bronze swords and daggers, bits, axes, maces, bronze arrowheads, lavishly decorated bronze belts, and ornaments, the oldest such objects in the USSR. The graves also yielded the first iron knives and spears. The wheel-made pottery was decorated with white paste. The principal sites of the culture are the Samtavro burial ground, Mingechaur, Lchashen, and the Artik catacomb burial ground.

REFERENCE

Piotrovskii, B. B. Arkheologiia Zakavkaz’ia s drevneishikh vremendo I tysiacheletiia do n. e. Leningrad, 1949.
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