Beaubourg

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Beaubourg

(bōbo͝or`), popular name for the

Georges Pompidou National Center for Art and Culture

(zhôrzh pôNpēdo͞o`), museum in Paris, France; the popular name is derived from the district in which it is located. Proposed by French president Georges PompidouPompidou, Georges Jean Raymond
, 1911–74. French political leader, president of France (1969–74). Georges Pompidou taught school and then served in World War II until the fall (1940) of France, when he returned to teaching.
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 in 1969, the center was designed by architects Renzo PianoPiano, Renzo
, 1937–, Italian architect, b. Genoa. Piano attended architecture school at Milan Polytechnic, graduating in 1964. The prolific Piano has been lauded for responding to the needs of each building site rather than cleaving to a single architectural style and has
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 of Italy and Richard RogersRogers, Richard, Baron Rogers of Riverside,
1933–, British architect, b. Florence, Italy, studied Architectural Association, London (1954–59), Yale (M.Arch., 1962). With Norman Foster and two other architects he cofounded (1963) Team 4, his first firm.
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 of England along with the Danish engineering firm of Ove Arup and was opened in 1977. Its industrial style, with bold architectural elements such as its steel superstructure, clear plastic escalator tunnels, brightly colored elevators, and color-coded utility pipes and ducts exposed on the outside of the building, generated furious controversy during its construction and for some years thereafter. Like the Eiffel TowerEiffel Tower,
structure designed by A. G. Eiffel and erected in the Champ-de-Mars for the Paris exposition of 1889. The tower is 984 ft (300 m) high and consists of an iron framework supported on four masonry piers, from which rise four columns uniting to form one shaft.
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, which precipitated a critical storm in its own time, the Beaubourg has become a tourist attraction and a popular Parisian landmark. Now commanding much of the authority of a 20th-century LouvreLouvre
, foremost French museum of art, located in Paris. The building was a royal fortress and palace built by Philip II in the late 12th cent. In 1546 Pierre Lescot was commissioned by Francis I to erect a new building on the site of the Louvre.
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, the six-story building houses a museum of modern and contemporary art, a public library, a cinema and performance halls, and music and industrial design centers. By the early 1990s rust and peeling paint on the building's exterior made restoration necessary. Begun in 1997 and completed in 1999 (the museum reopened in 2000), the renovation included increased space, an updated library, basement theaters, a restaurant, and other expanded facilities. In 2010 the Beaubourg opened its first regional museum, in Metz. The Pompidou-Metz features art from the Paris collection, showcased in a futuristic structure designed by the Japanese architect Shigeru Ban. The Centre Pompidou Málaga opened in Spain in 2015, and the Centre Pompidou x West Bund Museum opened in Shanghai, China, in 2019; both feature art from the Paris collection.

Bibliography

See N. Silver, The Making of Beaubourg (1994).

References in periodicals archive ?
The exhibition features Battambang-born Cambodian-American artist Sopheap Pich, who has exhibited his work across the globe, including in major museum collections like New York's Metropolitan Museum of Art, Paris' Centre Georges Pompidou and Brisbane's Queensland Art Gallery.
"The year will allow the establishment of some magnificent co-production projects between France and Qatar, including major French cultural institutions such as Palais de Tokyo, Centre Georges Pompidou, Institut du monde Arabe, Musee des arts d`coratifs, to name a few.
In 1978, the Paris Centre Georges Pompidou bought seven of his drawings for its collections.
Musee National d'Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris.
Aitken's work has been featured in exhibitions around the world, in institutions such as the Whitney Museum of American Art, the Smithsonian's Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, The Museum of Modern Art, and the Centre Georges Pompidou. Aitken earned the International Prize at the Venice Biennale in 1999 for the installation Electric Earth.
He also participated in the historic 1989 exhibition "Les Magiciens de la Terre" at the Centre Georges Pompidou, making him one of the first Chinese artists to exhibit in the emerging context of global art.
His works are featured in museum collections worldwide including The Art Institute of Chicago; Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris; Los Angeles County Museum of Art; MoMA, New York; Pinakothek der Moderne, Munich; Solomon R Guggenheim Museum, New York and Tate Gallery, London.
L'experience enrichissante de l'artiste dans les domaines des arts plastiques, photographie et video a donne plus d'ampleur et originalite a ses œuvres qui ont ete exposees dans les plus grandes institutions culturelles mondiales; a savoir le Centre Georges Pompidou, Palais de Tokyo, Institut du Monde Arabe, Paris, Fondation Aperture New York, ainsi que la participation aux plus prestigieuses collections publiques et privees dont celles du Palais Royal Rabat, MuCEM de Marseille, Tate Modern de Londres, Centre Reina Sofia de Madrid et bien d'autres.
It was in 1989, after he visited an exhibit of works by African artists like Bodys Isek Kingelez and Cheri Samba at the Centre Georges Pompidou in Paris, that a real passion began to form.
Carole-Anne Davies, chief executive of the Design Commission for Wales, a said: "Richard Rogers had made a massive contribution to architecture throughout his career, r from the creativity he brought to re-imagining the Centre Georges Pompidou to transforming the mundane with Madrid-Barajas Airport.
Agam's "selected suites" were at the Jewish Museum in New York (1975) and the "Chambre Agam" is permanently installed at Le Centre Georges Pompidou in Paris, France.

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