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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a genus of plants in the family Dipsacaceae. The plants are annual, biennial, or perennial herbs and, less commonly, shrubs. The leaves are opposite and range from entire to pin-natisect. The flowers are irregular; the marginal ones are somewhat enlarged. Their coloration is blue, white, or yellow. The inflorescence is a head with an imbricate involucre. The epicalyx is four to eight-angled and has eight ribs and four to eight teeth; the true calyx is saucer-shaped or cup-shaped. The fruit is an achene.

There are approximately 60 species, distributed in southern Europe, Western and Middle Asia, and northern and southern Africa. About 25 species occur in the USSR, primarily in the Caucasus. The plants usually grow on steppe and rocky slopes, in light forests, in underbrush, and in mountain meadows. They are also encountered as weeds amid crops. The following species are most widespread: C. litvinovii, which grows in the central belt and in the southern portion of the European USSR; C. gigantea, which grows in the Caucasus and whose inflorescences contain a yellow pigment; and C. syriaca, which grows as a weed in wheat fields in the Caucasus and Middle Asia. Bread made from wheat grain containing the seed of C. syriaca has a bluish coloration and a bitter taste. C. gigantea and C. alpina are grown as ornamentals.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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So do most thalictrum and the giant yellow scabious, Cephalaria gigantia.
Aunque no ha podido ser recolectado por carecer de inflorescencias, se ha observado tambien la presencia de Cephalaria baetica, endemismo exclusivo de peridotitas.
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I'm combining them with pale yellow flowers - giant scabious Cephalaria gigantia to one side, and lemon-yellow peony 'Molly-the-Witch' in front.
scabra, Carex humilis, Cephalaria leucantha, Fumana thymifolia, Hyparrhenia hirta, Lactuca tenerrima, Phagnalon sordidum, Pinus halepensis, Silene saxifraga y Silene secundiflora I en 6; Thymus zygis subsp.