The most recent phylogenetic systematization showed that the Class Pentastomida is divided into four orders (Cephalobaenida
, Raillietiellida, Reighardiida, and Porocephalida), the latter with two superfamilies (Linguatuloidea and Porocephaloidea) and four families (Linguatulidae, Sub triquetridae, Sebekidae, and Porocephalidae; see Almeida and Christoffersen, 1999).
The group itself is divided into 2 orders, the more primitive Cephalobaenida and the more advanced Porocephalida.
serrata grouped with the Cephalobaenida, supported by high bootstrap values, although in traditional classification it is assigned to the Porocephalida.
Experimental life-cycle studies of Raillietiella Sambon, 1910 (Pentastomida: Cephalobaenida): The fourth stage larva is infective for the definitive host.
(Pentastomida: Cephalobaenida) from the mediterranean gecko, Hemidactylus turcicus (Sauria: Gekkonidae), in Texas.
Further observations of blunt-hooked raillietiellids (Pentastomida: Cephalobaenida
) from lizards, with descriptions of three new species.
serrata and by the members of the Cephalobaenida
(pentastomes that infect birds).
) in Hemidactylus haitianus (Lacertilia: Gekkonidae) from Hispaniola.