Mediterranean Fruit Fly

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fruit fly

fruit fly, common name for any of the flies of the families Tephritidae and Drosophilidae. All fruit flies are very small insects that lay their eggs in various plant tissues. The Tephritidae contains about 1,200 species characterized by wide heads, black or steely green or blue bodies, iridescent greenish eyes, and wings that are usually mottled brown or black. The eggs of most species are laid directly in the pulp of the fruit on which the larvae feed; in North America, blueberries, cherries, and apples are much damaged by these insects. In warm regions, the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata, was a serious pest of citrus fruits; it has now been eradicated from the S United States. Some species, e.g., the goldenrod gall fly, Eurosta solidaginis, which deposits its eggs in species of goldenrod, lay their eggs in plants of no economic importance. The Drosophilidae, or pomace flies, are yellowish and in the wild are largely found around decaying vegetation. The larvae living in fruit actually feed on the yeasts growing in the fruit. Drosophila melanogaster, also called vinegar fly, is a much used laboratory insect; its 10-day life cycle and large chromosomes, particularly those of the salivary glands of the larva, have made it invaluable in the study of genetics. Fruit flies are classified in the phylum Arthropoda, class Insecta, order Diptera, families Tephritidae and Drosophilidae.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Mediterranean Fruit Fly

 

(Ceratias capitata), an insect of the family Trypetidae, a dangerous crop pest. The body is 4.5 mm long. The mottled wings are marked with dark noncontinuous bands. The Mediterranean fruit fly is common in many countries of Europe, Asia, Africa, the Americas, Australia, and Oceania. It does not occur in the USSR, but it is an object of quarantine, since its larvae are easily transported with various fruits. The fly is polyphagous, damaging more than 70 plant species (for example, apricot, peach, orange, mandarin, apple, pear, grape, and tomato). The female deposits eggs on the skin of ripe fruit; the larvae hatch one or two days later and feed on the fruit for two to three weeks, causing it to rot. The number of generations varies with climatic conditions. Quarantine measures in the USSR and other countries that import citrus fruits largely consist of limiting imports to the winter and disinfecting fruits by heat or chemical agents.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Remating by female Mediterranean fruit flies (Ceratitis capitata, Diptera: Tephritidae): temporal patterns and modulation by male condition.
El proposito del presente estudio fue determinar la diversidad de moscas de la fruta Anastrepha y Ceratitis capitata de la familia Tephritidae, determinar su fluctuacion poblacional, sus hospedantes y establecer un modelo preliminar de fluctuacion poblacional en base a factores bioticos y abioticos.
The Coccidae showed resistance to Lambda-cyhalothrin in dose and half dose, unlike other pests species (Ceratitis capitata) and the Coccinellidae) that show sensitivity to Lambda-cyhalothrin regardless of the dose.
For known pests of commercial crops, such as Ceratitis capitata, the former is highly likely.
Several species attack economically important flies, such as the Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata; Tephritidae) and Tsetse fly (Glossina morsitans; Glossinidae; J.