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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(also Heleidae), a family of insects of the order Diptera. Body length, 1–2.5 mm. The insects are distributed everywhere but are most numerous in forests. In the USSR there are 18 genera, of which three—Culicoides, Leptoconops, and Lasiohelea—are bloodsucking insects. The insects differ from the Simuliidae and Phlebotomidae in that they have 13- to 15-jointed antennae and wings that are usually spotted and lie flat on the abdomen when at rest.

The larvae and pupae of Ceratopogonidae develop in brooks, marshes, ponds, and moist earth. The larvae winter; the adults appear in April or May and disappear in September or October. Only the females are bloodsucking; they attack humans and domestic and wild animals. The insects are intermediate hosts of some species of parasitic worms that infest man (in the tropics) and domestic animals (onchocercosis in horses). Control measures include the use of various repellents.


Gutsevich, A. V., and V. M. Glukhova. Melody sbora i izucheniia krovososushchikh mokretsov. Leningrad, 1970.
Gutsevich, A. V. Krovososushchie mokretsy. (Ceratopogonidae). Leningrad, 1973. (Fauna SSSR: Nasekomye dvukrylye, vol. 3, issue 5.)


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The sand flies (Culicoides) of Florida (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae).
Comparaison des populations de Culicoides Latreille 1809 (Diptera : Ceratopogonidae) presentes au sein d'une bergerie belge et d'une prairie ovine associee.
The transmission of Haemoproteus belopolskyi (Haemosporida: Haemoproteidae) of blackcap by Culicoides impunctatus (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae).
Lotic-erosional Clinger (net spinner, fixed retreat) Potamyia flava Lotic-erosional (larger Clinger (net rivers) spinner, fixed retreat) undetermined Generally lotic-erosional Clinger (net Hydropsychidae spinner, fixed retreat) Diptera Ceratopogonidae Probezzia sp.
Ceratopogonidae) in the "Catongo" cacao plantation at Turrialba," Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, vol.
Midgut and salivary gland transcriptomes of the arbovirus vector Culicoides sonorensis (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae).
75 [+ or -] 121 (30) Helobdella brasiliensis 225 [+ or -] 558 (20) Helobdella fusca NR Helobdella stagnalis 325 [+ or -] 528 (60) Hirudinea total 625 Decapoda Aegla scamosa NR Amphipoda Hyalella azteca NR Ceratopogonidae Culicoides sp.
1 Dt 15 11 A+I Blattariae, Blattidae sp.2 Dt 33 7 A+I Blattariae, Blattidae sp.3 Dt 1 1 A Collembola Dt 10 5 A Coleoptera, Elateridae Pr 26 15 I Coleoptera, Scirtidae Dt 481 24 I Diptera, Chironomidae Dt 54 16 I Diptera, Culicidae, Culex sp Dt 32 12 I Diptera, Drosophilidae Dt 1 1 A Diptera, Muscidae Dt 2 1 I Diptera, Tipulidae Dt 7 5 I Diptera, Ceratopogonidae Dt 10 8 I Embioptera Dt 1 1 A Homoptera, Aphidae Hb 1 1 A Homoptera, Cicadellidae Hb 1 1 A Hymenoptera, Formicidae (*) Pr 3 1 A * Isoptera, Termitidae (*) Dt 11 4 A * Lepidoptera Hb 46 13 I Orthoptera, Gryllidae Hb 5 5 A Orthoptera, Tettigoniidae Hb 7 7 A+I TOTAL Hb 874