Cercinitis

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Cercinitis

 

(Greek, Kerkinitis), an ancient city founded by the Greeks at the turn of the fifth century B.C. on the west coast of the Crimea on the site of modern Evpatoriia. From the fourth to second centuries B.C., Cercinitis was one of the possessions of Chersonesus and played an important role in supplying it with grain. Trade with the Scythians of the Crimea was conducted through the city. In the second half of the fourth century and in the third century B.C., Cercinitis coined its own money. The Greco-Scythian Wars of the second century B.C. brought about the city’s ruin. During the first and second centuries A.D., it was a small commercial and farming settlement. Archaeological excavations have revealed part of a defensive wall dating from Hellenistic times and the ruins of residential quarters.

REFERENCES

Tiumenev, A. I. “Khersonesskie etiudy (Khersones i Kerkinitida).” Vest-nik drevnei istorii, 1955, no. 3.
Nalivkina, M. A. “Kerkinitida i Kalos Limen.” Antichnyi gorod. Moscow, 1963.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Of the lakes 'inland of' ([Greek Text Omitted]) Amphipolis the southern one (Cercinitis) is too close to Amphipolis to have lain in Cetriporis' kingdom.