Cercopithecinae

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Cercopithecinae

 

a subfamily of lower catarrhine monkeys. Body length, from 35 cm (the guenon C. talapoin) to 80 cm (the baboon); weight, from 1 to 30 kg.

In most species of Cercopithecinae, the tail is long, but in some it is of medium length or short; in the Barbary ape, it is absent altogether. The limbs are approximately equal in length. In moving, the monkeys support their weight on the underside of the hands and feet. In many species, there is a ridge on the skull above the eyes. The jaws are massive. The brain has numerous sulci and gyri and weighs from 50 g (in guenons) to 200 g (in baboons). The cheek pouches are large.

There are eight genera of Cercopithecinae: Cercopithecus (guenons), Cercocebus (mangabeys), Macaca (macaques), Papio (baboons), Mandrillus (mandrills), Erythrocebus (patas monkeys), Theropithecus (one species, T. gelada, the gelada), and Cynopithecus niger (Celebes, or black ape). All inhabit Africa and southern Asia; most of them dwell in trees but occasionally descend to the ground. (The patas, mangabeys, baboons, and geladas live primarily on the ground.) Cercopithecinae live in bands of several dozen. (Some baboons, including sacred baboons [Papio hamadryas] and chacmas [Papio comatus], live in troops of two or three hundred.) They feed on plants and occasionally on insects, birds, bird eggs, and small mammals. Most species (except the geladas) are often found in captivity, where they sometimes reach an age of 30 years. The gestation period lasts five or six months (in some guenons, seven, and in certain mandrills, about eight). Cercopithecinae are often used for medical and biological research.

REFERENCES

Weber, M. Primaty. Moscow-Leningrad, 1936. (Translated from German.)
Zhiznzhivotnykh, vol. 6. Moscow, 1971.
Sanderson, I. T., and G. Steinbacher. Knaurs Affenbuch. Munich-Zurich, 1957.
Napier, J. R., and P. H. Napier. A Handbook of Living Primates. London-New York, 1967.

M. F. NESTURKH

References in periodicals archive ?
Cercopithecines in multimale groups: genetic diversity and population structure, pp.
Cercopithecine herpesvirus 1 (B virus) infection resulting from ocular exposure.
Fatal cercopithecine herpesvirus 1 (B virus) infection following a mucocutaneous exposure and interim recommendations for worker protection.
dagger]) Simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV), simian retrovirus (SRV), Cercopithecine herpesvirus 1 (CeHV-1), simian T-cell lymphotropic virus (STLV) seroprevalence for 2004 samples determined by using multiplex microbead assay (10); seroprevalence for subsequent samples determined by using whole-virus multiplex flow cytometric assay (11).
Cercopithecine herpesvirus 1 (herpes B virus) is an alpha herpesvirus endemic to Asian macaques, which mostly carry this virus without overt signs of disease.
Biological samples were collected from 39 rhesus macaques at the Swoyambhu Temple and tested by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, Western blot, polymerase chain reaction, or combination of these tests for evidence of infection with rhesus cytomegalovirus (RhCMV), Cercopithecine herpesvirus 1 (CHV-1), simian virus 40 (SV40), simian retrovirus (SRV), simian T-cell lymphotropic virus (STLV), simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV), and simian foamy virus (SFV).
Rhesus cytomegalovirus (RhCMV), Cercopithecine herpesvirus 8, is a [beta]-herpesvirus enzootic among M.
Cercopithecine herpesvirus 1 (B virus), an alphaherpesvirus endemic in Asian macaques, is closely related to herpes simplex virus (HSV).
Of the 35 herpesviruses identified in nonhuman primates, only Cercopithecine herpesvirus 1 (B virus) is known to be pathogenic for humans.
Seroprevalence of antibodies to Cercopithecine herpesvirus 1 (herpesvirus B) in Sangeh macaques (Macaca fascicularis), Bali Age group (a)/sex No.
Thus, both colobines and cercopithecines possess specific dietary adaptations for more efficient folivory and/or consumption of unripe fruits compared to hominoids (Andrews, 1981), thereby enabling the former to more easily thrive when the ripe fruits habitually consumed by most hominoids are scarce.