Cercopithecinae

(redirected from Cercopithecine)
Also found in: Medical.

Cercopithecinae

 

a subfamily of lower catarrhine monkeys. Body length, from 35 cm (the guenon C. talapoin) to 80 cm (the baboon); weight, from 1 to 30 kg.

In most species of Cercopithecinae, the tail is long, but in some it is of medium length or short; in the Barbary ape, it is absent altogether. The limbs are approximately equal in length. In moving, the monkeys support their weight on the underside of the hands and feet. In many species, there is a ridge on the skull above the eyes. The jaws are massive. The brain has numerous sulci and gyri and weighs from 50 g (in guenons) to 200 g (in baboons). The cheek pouches are large.

There are eight genera of Cercopithecinae: Cercopithecus (guenons), Cercocebus (mangabeys), Macaca (macaques), Papio (baboons), Mandrillus (mandrills), Erythrocebus (patas monkeys), Theropithecus (one species, T. gelada, the gelada), and Cynopithecus niger (Celebes, or black ape). All inhabit Africa and southern Asia; most of them dwell in trees but occasionally descend to the ground. (The patas, mangabeys, baboons, and geladas live primarily on the ground.) Cercopithecinae live in bands of several dozen. (Some baboons, including sacred baboons [Papio hamadryas] and chacmas [Papio comatus], live in troops of two or three hundred.) They feed on plants and occasionally on insects, birds, bird eggs, and small mammals. Most species (except the geladas) are often found in captivity, where they sometimes reach an age of 30 years. The gestation period lasts five or six months (in some guenons, seven, and in certain mandrills, about eight). Cercopithecinae are often used for medical and biological research.

REFERENCES

Weber, M. Primaty. Moscow-Leningrad, 1936. (Translated from German.)
Zhiznzhivotnykh, vol. 6. Moscow, 1971.
Sanderson, I. T., and G. Steinbacher. Knaurs Affenbuch. Munich-Zurich, 1957.
Napier, J. R., and P. H. Napier. A Handbook of Living Primates. London-New York, 1967.

M. F. NESTURKH

References in periodicals archive ?
Epidemiology of cercopithecine herpesvirus 1 (B virus) infection and shedding in a large breeding cohort of rhesus macaques.
Phylogenetic analyses of the alphaherpesviruses based on gene sequences have defined three major clades of primate alphaherpesviruses consisting of the hominid viruses (HSV1, HSV2, and ChHV), cercopithecine (African and Asian) monkey viruses (BV, HVP2, and SA8), and the platyrrhine (S.
Cercopithecines in multimale groups: genetic diversity and population structure, pp.
Recommendations for prevention of and therapy for exposure to B virus (Cercopithecine Herpesvirus 1).
On December 10, 1997, a 22-year-old female worker at a primate center died from Cercopithecine herpesvirus 1 (B virus) infection 42 days after biologic material (possibly fecal) from a rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta) splashed into her right eye.
Risk of venereal B virus (Cercopithecine herpesvirus 1) transmission in rhesus monkeys using molecular epidemiology.
Cercopithecine herpesvirus 1 (B virus) infection is widespread among Macaca genus primates; the virus is the biologic counterpart of herpes simplex virus in humans.
Cercopithecine herpesvirus 1 risk in a child bitten by a bonnet macaque monkey.
An additional finding was the taxonomic affinity of EHV-9 and other equine alphaherpesviruses to herpes simplex virus 1 and cercopithecine herpesvirus 2.
SFV was conjugated to beads as previously described for simian retrovirus, simian T-cell leukemia virus, simian immunodeficiency virus, and Cercopithecine herpesvirus 1 (22).
Other nonhuman primate--borne viruses with known or suspected links to human disease are simian T-cell lymphotropic virus (STLV) and herpesvirus B (Cercopithecine herpesvirus l) (CeHV-l).
Cercopithecine herpesvirus 1 (herpes B virus) is an alpha herpesvirus endemic to Asian macaques, which mostly carry this virus without overt signs of disease.