Cercopithecus


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Cercopithecus

 

(guenons), a genus of lower catarrhine monkeys of the subfamily Cercopithecinae.

Body length ranges from 35 to 64 cm, and body weight from 1 to 9 kg. The tail is long (35-100 cm). The hind limbs are somewhat longer than the forelimbs. The color of the hair is a combination of green, yellow, red, and blue.

There are 23 species of Cercopithecus, including the Diana monkey (C. diana) the mona (C mona), Sykes’ monkey (C. albogularis), the green monkey (C sabaeus), the red-eared guenon (C. erythrotis), the moustache monkey (C. cephus), the swamp guenon (C. nigroviridis), and the talapoin (C talapoin). All are found in sub-Saharan Africa, primarily in tropical forests. The Cercopithecus congregate in bands of five to 15, feeding on leaves, flowers, fruits, and ants. Sometimes they damage crops. They are frequently kept in captivity (especially the green monkey). The gestation period is about seven months. Some-times the hussar monkeys (or patas) are included in the genus Cercopithecus.

REFERENCES

Hill, W. C. O. Primates, vol. 6. Edinburgh, 1966.
Napier, J. A., and P. H. Napier. A Handbook of Living Primates. London-New York, 1976.
References in periodicals archive ?
Alem dos hospedeiros acima citados, ha registros de ocorrencias em macacos das especies Cercopithecus neglectus, M.
Attempts to amplify an SIV in a wild black mangabey in our study were unsuccesful, and more studies are needed to clarify whether the initial SIVbkm infection is caused by contamination from a red-tailed monkey in captivity or in the wild because black mangabeys share habitats with Cercopithecus species.
samples Species (common name) SIV lineage SIV+ SIV- Pan troglodytes troglodytes SIVcpzPtt 2 1 (west central chimpanzee) Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii SIVcpzPts 1 NA (eastern chimpanzee) Cercopithecus nictitans (greater SIVgsn 6 45 spot-nosed monkey) Cercopithecus cephus SIVmus 7 30 (mustached monkey) Cercopithecus mona (Mona SIVmon NA 1 monkey) Miopithecus ogouensis SIVtal 1 6 (northern talapoin) Cercopithecus neglectus (De SIVdeb 7 1 Brazza monkey) Cercocebus torquatus (red-capped SIVrcm 4 NA mangabey) Chlorocebus tantalus (African SIVagm 1 NA green monkey) Mandrillus sphinx (mandrill) SIVmnd-2 10 2 Colobus guereza (mantled SIVcol 10 7 guereza) Total 49 93 * SIV, simian immunodefiency virus; NA, none available.
Phylogenetic analyses showed broad diversity of STLV, including novel STLV-1 and STLV-3 sequences and a highly divergent STLV-3 subtype found in Cercopithecus mona and C.
hamadryas papio) from Senegal (17); and Central African STLV-3 subtype C includes divergent strains (Cni217 and Cni227) from Cercopithecus nictitans monkeys from Cameroon (21).
Analysis of mitochondrial DNA sequences also confirmed the Cercopithecus species of each monkey and the absence of admixtures of specimens from different NHP species.
nictitans monkeys all clustered in the central African HTLV-1 subtype D clade, consisting of STLV-1 from Mandrillus sphinx and Cercopithecus pogonias monkeys and HTLV-1 sequences from Cameroon (Figure 6).
Evidence for a second simian T-cell lymphotropic virus type 3 in Cercopithecus nictitans from Cameroon.
Phylogenetic analyses of the 9 integrase products indicated that all belonged to the large clade of the African SFVs with 5 strains from gorilla, 2 from chimpanzee, 1 from mandrill, and 1 closely related to Cercopithecus strains (online Appendix Figure).
dagger]) Most pets were Cercopithecus nictitans and mandrills; some were small chimpanzees.
We detected Rickettsia felis DNA in Ctenocephalides felis and Bartonella quintana DNA in 3 Pulex irritans fleas taken from a pet Cercopithecus cephus monkey in Gabon, sub-Saharan Africa.