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Cerealia (Cerialia)

April 19
Ceres was the ancient Roman goddess of grain and of harvests, often identified with the Greek goddess Demeter. People held festivals in her honor in various locations, but the Cerealia originated in Rome, where she was worshipped at her temple on the Aventine Hill along with two other deities, Liber (a fertility god) and Libera, his female counterpart. The temple became a center of activity for the plebeians, or common people, who usually suffered when there was a grain shortage.
The festival known as Cerealia was observed at various locations only by Roman matrons, who, for several days preceding the festival, abstained from wine and other carnal pleasures. People who were in mourning were not allowed to appear at the celebration. For this reason, the Cerealia was not observed after the Battle of Cannae, when 50,000 Roman troops were killed by Hannibal.
There is a theory that April Fools' Day is a relic of the ancient Roman Cerealia, also held in April. According to legend, when Ceres's daughter Proserpine was carried off to the underworld by Pluto, Ceres heard the echo of her screams and tried to follow her voice. But it was a fool's errand, for it was impossible to locate the echo's source.
The Thesmophoria was a similar festival observed in ancient Greece.
AmerBkDays-2000, p. 247
ClassDict-1984, p. 140
DictRomRel-1996, p. 45
FestRom-1981, p. 102
OxClassDict-1970, p. 223
OxYear-1999, p. 160
Holidays, Festivals, and Celebrations of the World Dictionary, Fourth Edition. © 2010 by Omnigraphics, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
"The dimensions, shape and 'fractured' top of a pingo resemble the Cerealia Dome, which may have formed from alternating cycles of ice 'punching' up and effusing onto the surface of Ceres," planetary scientist Lynnae Quick said in a NASA (https://www.nasa.gov/feature/jpl/what-looks-like-ceres-on-earth) statement.
Last year another Dawn team, using the spacecraft's infrared spectrometer, found infrared absorption bands due to carbonates in Cerealia Facula.
"LantmA[currency]nnen Cerealia has given instructions to its dealers to immediately stop sales of the product.
The May Day "Cerealia" dance, a revision of a "traditional rite," is an example of how "some old customs of their [the forests'] shades remain ...
Among them are Crustimex Seafood GmbH of Hamburg (a member of the Stockmeyer Group), baked goods specialist Cerealia Unibake (whose brands include Hatting and Paaskebrod), and value-added vegetable producer Pinguin of Belgium.
For example, we are told that "the glaring absence of men" in the Cerealia, in Tess, "reveals that Christianity has suppressed the Old-Style May-Days" (pp.
The cultivars are denoted high or low accumulators within each wheat-type group (Ingmar Borjesson, Cerealia and Jan Jonsson, Svalof-Weibull AB pers.
As part of the Cerealia international food group, Kungsornen's distribution arm is based at one of the Group's Swedish manufacturing sites, at Jarna, outside of Stockholm, where the company makes use of a variety of BT trucks, several of which are CTX combis, all requiring skilled operation.
The Swiss owner of Boryspil, Cerealia, says the firm will invest several million dollars to upgrade the plant.