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A data record containing an identification, a digital signature from a third party who is believed to be trustworthy, attesting to the authenticity of the identity, and an encryption key which provides a basis for two unknown entities to establish a shared encryption.



(1) A document attesting to some fact, such as the seaworthiness of a ship or an individual’s inoculations prior to travel abroad.

(2) The name of a special state loan bond, such as a certificate of a state workers’ savings bank issued in the USSR in 1927.

(3) An insurance certificate, a document outlining the conditions of an insurance agreement and taking the place of an insurance policy.

(4) In foreign trade, a certificate of quality, a document issued by competent authorities to certify the quality of merchandise. In the USSR certificates of quality are issued by the Chamber of Commerce and Industry.



(svidetel’stvo), in the USSR, a document that certifies some legal fact, for example, a birth or a divorce. The certificate attests only to legal facts that must be confirmed according to some law or juridical document. The form and requisites of the certificate are established by a special juridical document, and failure to observe them may lead to the legal invalidation of the certificate. The content of the certificate may be disputed only in court. In some cases, a certificate may have a special name, for example, diplom (certificate issued to the holder of an academic degree) or attestat dotsenta (attestation issued to the holder of the rank of docent).



(Russian udostoverenie), a document certifying specific facts or rights, for example, that travel is on official business or that the bearer holds the right to vote. Certificates are printed on standard forms, signed by authorized officials, and confirmed with a seal. Certain certificates require a photograph of the bearer. Soviet legislation (for example, art. 196 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR) establishes criminal responsibility for the forging of a certificate for the purpose of obtaining rights or a release from duties established by the government.

References in periodicals archive ?
The certificate may have been real, in other words, but the "citizen" had never really existed--he was only a "paper baby.
CERTIFICATE OF MERIT: Zeneca, Cormark Communications Inc.
This certificate program is jointly supported by the Defense Security Cooperation Agency, the Defense Institute of Security Assistance Management, and the National Defense Industrial Association (NDIA).
Credit enhancement for the 'AA+' rated class M-1 certificate reflects the 31.
Credit enhancement (CE) for the 'AAA' rated class A certificates reflects the 22.
Members of the CA/Browser Forum have worked closely together in defining the guidelines and means of implementation for the Extended Validation (EV) SSL Certificate standard as a way of providing a heightened security for Internet transactions and creating a more intuitive method of displaying secure sites to Internet users.
Restaurants issuing gift certificates, either directly or through affiliates, must accept the certificate even if it's an older certificate with a posted expiration date, if that certificate was issued after January 1997.
Mazerov for his efforts in broadening the acceptability of the model certificate and also commended the States for proving receptive to the California-supported changes.
The Group 2 'AAA' rating on the senior certificates reflects the 5% total credit enhancement provided by the 2.
NEW YORK -- Fitch rates GSR Mortgage Loan Trust, series 2006-9F, residential mortgage pass-through certificates as follows:
The certificates initially bear interest in an initial rate mode, which will end December 1, 2009, at which time the certificates will be subject to mandatory tender and will be converted to a weekly rate mode.
Offered certificates and exchangeable certificates in any combination may be exchanged only in the proportions shown in the governing documents.

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