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A data record containing an identification, a digital signature from a third party who is believed to be trustworthy, attesting to the authenticity of the identity, and an encryption key which provides a basis for two unknown entities to establish a shared encryption.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(1) A document attesting to some fact, such as the seaworthiness of a ship or an individual’s inoculations prior to travel abroad.

(2) The name of a special state loan bond, such as a certificate of a state workers’ savings bank issued in the USSR in 1927.

(3) An insurance certificate, a document outlining the conditions of an insurance agreement and taking the place of an insurance policy.

(4) In foreign trade, a certificate of quality, a document issued by competent authorities to certify the quality of merchandise. In the USSR certificates of quality are issued by the Chamber of Commerce and Industry.



(svidetel’stvo), in the USSR, a document that certifies some legal fact, for example, a birth or a divorce. The certificate attests only to legal facts that must be confirmed according to some law or juridical document. The form and requisites of the certificate are established by a special juridical document, and failure to observe them may lead to the legal invalidation of the certificate. The content of the certificate may be disputed only in court. In some cases, a certificate may have a special name, for example, diplom (certificate issued to the holder of an academic degree) or attestat dotsenta (attestation issued to the holder of the rank of docent).



(Russian udostoverenie), a document certifying specific facts or rights, for example, that travel is on official business or that the bearer holds the right to vote. Certificates are printed on standard forms, signed by authorized officials, and confirmed with a seal. Certain certificates require a photograph of the bearer. Soviet legislation (for example, art. 196 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR) establishes criminal responsibility for the forging of a certificate for the purpose of obtaining rights or a release from duties established by the government.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
An authenticated copy of a birth certificate from the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) costs P155, and home delivery costs P365.
Giving break up, the report said that the Defence Saving Certificates (DSC) receipts increased from Rs8.3 billion in FY18 to Rs44.6 billion in FY2019, showing an increase of Rs36.3 billion, the Special Savings Certificates (SSC) receipts increased from minus Rs38.5 billion to Rs33.1 billion, showing growth of Rs71.6 billion whereas the Regular Income Certificates (RIC) increased from Rs1.9 billion to Rs102.9 billion, a growth of Rs100.9 billion.
Yesterday, Achoki said a certificate would take three days to process.
The WAEC chief explained that after all such processes had been satisfactorily concluded then, the council would consider the issuance of 'Attestation Certificate'.
Not having an updated resale certificate on file can result in the company being charged sales tax, even if they are not the end user of the product.
"The certificate holders are well-known Azerbaijani companies operating in the country and successfully carrying out export operations abroad.
However, encashment made before six months would not get any profit to the certificate holders, while those retaining the certificates after the maturity period were also not entitled to any profit.
The BISE employees are working in the double shift at 'certificate cell' for clearing backlog of certificates.
Of the documents, the only one that has become controversial so far is the NYSC exemption 'certificate', which was purportedly issued on September 7, 2009.
There is no minimum age for applying for a shotgun certificate, but the law bans children from using them It's up to police who's allowed to shotgun without adult supervision until they are 15.
figur The figures, published by the Home Office, show the most common age for someone to hold a certificate is 50-64.

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