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Folk beliefs assign St. Nicholas the role of Christmas gift bringer in Czechoslovakia. According to Czechoslovakian folklore, two oddly matched companions aid the good saint in his labors. On December sixth, St. Nicholas's Day, Nicholas descends from heaven on a golden rope accompanied by an angel dressed in white and a demon known as a cert. The cert wears black clothing and carries a whip and chain. He frightens naughty children, reminding them of the punishment in store for them if they don't mend their ways. (See also Black Peter.)

Further Reading

Del Re, Gerard, and Patricia Del Re. The Christmas Almanack. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1979. Foley, Daniel J. Christmas the World Over. Philadelphia, Pa.: Chilton Books, 1963. Stevens, Patricia Bunning. Merry Christmas!: A History of the Holiday. New York: Macmillan, 1979.
Encyclopedia of Christmas and New Year's Celebrations, 2nd ed. © Omnigraphics, Inc. 2003


(1) (cert) See digital certificate.

(2) (Computer Emergency Response Team) A group of people in an organization who coordinate their response to breaches of security or other computer emergencies such as breakdowns and disasters. Other similar terms are CSIRT (Computer Security Incident Response Team), CIRT (Computer Incident Response Team) and IRT (Incident Response Team). CERT often refers to the CERT center at Carnegie Mellon University (see CERT/CC).

Countries also develop their own CERT agencies for national security (see US-CERT). See oCERT and vulnerability disclosure.
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References in periodicals archive ?
If a member deconsolidates on or after the CERT date of the group, or the date the group acquires a member with an existing CERT, both the deconsolidating member and the group will be treated as applicable corporations.
In particular, the general guidance regarding which collateral transaction-related costs will be treated as part of the CERT costs, and how to incorporate the principles of Sec.
This regulatory package also elevates the importance of planning for application of the CERT rules.
The DG Rescue congratulated the community safety wing headquarters, all DEOs and RSOs for accomplishment of registration of 100,000 Rescue Mohafiz and training of 30,000 Rescue Mohafiz to establish CERTs in all Union Councils of Punjab.
The Provincial Disaster Response Exercise (PDRE) 2017 is structured exercise based on emergency scenarios and each CERT is being participated in all three phases of the exercise including pre-operation phase, operation phase and post operation phase, he said.
P was involved in a CERT in 2002, because it made a Sec.
P was involved in a CERT in 2002, because it made an excess distribution to its shareholders.
Eoe1/4EoI am confident that the National CERT will play a pivotal role in the realisation of eOman by creating expertise in the field of Information Security and managing cyber threats and risks more effectively and in a timely and organised manner.
The CERT is designed to do this and the Oman CERT will be linked to the worldwide network which exists for international collaboration so that members can analyse and forewarn each other of the existence of such threats, their nature and where they may come from.