César Auguste Franck

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Franck, César Auguste

 

Born Dec. 10, 1822, in Liege; died Nov. 8, 1890, in Paris. French composer and organist.

Franck, who was of Belgian extraction, attended the Paris Conservatory, where he studied piano with P. J. Zimmermann, organ with F. Benoist, and composition with A. S. Leborne. From 1843 he made his living as an organist for various Parisian churches and by teaching. In 1872 he became an organ professor at the Paris Conservatory; his students included V. d’lndy, H. Duparc, E. Chausson, and C. Bordes. He was a founder of the Société Nationale de Musique (1871), and became its president in 1886.

The works of Franck, a representative of musical romanticism of the second half of the 19th century, embody French, Flemish, and Belgian musical traditions and show the influence of J. S. Bach, the classical Viennese composers, and romanticism. Many of Franck’s compositions attain a sublime, profound lyricism. His principal works were written for instrumental ensembles and combine classical form with romantic élan; they include the Symphony in D minor (1888), the symphonic poems Les Eolides (1876), Le Chasseur maudit (1882), and Psyché (1888; with chorus), the tone poem Les Djinns, the Variations symphoniques (for piano and orchestra; 1885), and chamber music and music for piano and organ. Franck made an important contribution to opera and choral music with such oratorios as Rédemption (symphonic poem; second version, 1874) and Les Béatitudes (1876–79) and the operas Hulda (1885; staged 1894) and Ghisèle (staged 1896; completed by V. d’lndy, E. Chausson, and others).

REFERENCES

Rogozhina, N. Sezar Frank. Moscow, 1969.
d’lndy, V. César Franck. Paris, 1930.
Dufourcq, N. César Franck. Paris, 1949.
Gallois, J. Franck. Paris, 1966.
Mohr, W. C. Franck, 2nd ed. Tutzing, 1969.

I. A. MEDVEDEVA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
When Cesar Franck and Adolphe Samuel were born, Belgium was under Dutch rule and did not yet exist as a sovereign country.
And we may even include Schubert (in more tragic vein) and Cesar Franck, in combining anxiety with serenity.
For this reason, at the time it was very wise to engage Jean Fournet in recordings of Cesar Franck's symphonic poems.
Cesar Franck's acclaimed 1886 Sonata for Violin and Piano in A Major was an ambitious, if appropriate, closing: ambitious for famously having been played by major musicians (including Jascha Heifetz and Arthur Rubinstein), and appropriate because of Montero's improvisational bent.
Already I had planned, or "planned," a book on Cesar Franck. My "plans" resembled those of Micawber, but let that pass.
Her recital will include works by Messiaen, Dupre, Cesar Franck, JS Bach and Parry and should showcase both her virtuosity and the breadth and majesty of the organ.
She is joined by Cedric Tiberghien, and they complete the disc with a rarity, the Sonata by the Belgian Guillaume Lekeu, who died at the age of 24, leaving us a work worthy of Cesar Franck.
Stove lives in Melbourne, Australia, and is currently writing a biography of Cesar Franck.
Tim Foster, winner of the 25th International Young Artist Piano Competition, performed Cesar Franck's prelude Choral et Fugue with great technique that displayed the nuances of this selection.
Cesar Franck is reported to have said of the Dix pieces pittoresques: "This music is a bridge between our own time and that of Couperin and Rameau." More than that, pieces like "Sous-bois" and "Mauresque" discover a whole new world of piano sound that was effectively exploited by Debussy and Ravel thirty years later.
The CD contains parts of the Latin Mass and hymns that have become timeless, like Schubert's "Ave Maria," Vivaldi's "Gloria," Cesar Franck's "Panis Angelicus," and Lloyd Webber's "Pie Jesu." Recorded in part at the Vatican to the accompaniment of two Vatican choirs, the album also includes favourites like "Abide with me," "Oh Holy Night;" some traditional Irish music and other classic opera pieces.