Cesare Zavattini


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Zavattini, Cesare

 

Born Sept. 20, 1902, in Ludsara. Italian writer, scenario writer, and film theoretician.

Zavattini graduated in 1923 from the department of law at the University of Padua. The author of novellas and collections of short stories, he began his literary activity in 1928. Since 1935 he has been working in film. Films that prepared the way for neorealism in the Italian cinema, including Walk in the Clouds (1942) and The Children Are Looking at Us (1943), were based on his plots and scenarios. Italian cinema profited greatly from Zavattini’s long-standing artistic collaboration with the director V. De Sica, which resulted in the films Shoeshine (1946), The Bicycle Thief (194S), Miracle in Milan (1950), Umberto D. (1951), The Roof (1956), Two Women (1960), The Condemned of Altona (1961), Boom (1963), Marriage Italian Style (1964), and Sunflower (1970, together with A. Guerra and M. D. Mdivani). In Some Thoughts on Film and in his articles and appearances, Zavattini, in his characteristic polemical manner, developed theoretical views that to a large extent served as the theoretical basis for neorealism. He has participated in the production of over 40 films, including Rome, 11 O’Clock; A Husband for Anna (Soviet title, Lost Reveries)’, and The Most Beautiful. Zavattini is the head of a nationwide association of film clubs. In 1955 he received the International Peace Prize for his social activity.

WORKS

“Ot siuzheta k fil’mu: Nekotorye mysli o kino.” In Umberto D. Moscow, 1960. (Translated from Italian.)
“Pokhititeli velosipedov.” In the collection Stsenarii ital’ianskogo kino. Moscow, 1958.

REFERENCES

Solov’eva, I. Kino Italii (1945-1960): Ocherki. Moscow, 1962.
Bogemskii, G. D. V. De Sika. Moscow, 1963.

G. D. BOGEMSKII

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Screenplay by Michelangelo Antonioni, Umberto Barbara, Giuseppe De Santis, Carlo Lizzani, and Cesare Zavattini, from a story by Giuseppe De Santis, Carlo Lizzani, and Lamberto Rem-Picci.
Produced by Cesare Zavattini, widely recognized as the godfather of Italian neorealism, this portmanteau work assembles six shorts by filmmakers who went on to embody the neorealist movement -- Michelangelo Antonioni, Federico Fellini, Dino Risi, Carlo Lizzani and Alberto Lattuada.
Come esempi, Pepi trascrive alcune lettere indirizzate a Bruno Blasi, nipote di Cardarelli, o a Mucci inviate dal pittore Quinto Martini, da Cesare Zavattini, da Libero de Liberi, da Enrico Pea, da Enrico Falqui, da Calvino, da Palazzeschi, da Alessandro Parronchi, da Niccolo Gallo, da Giuseppe Villaroel, da Giancarlo Pajetta, da Fortini.
Written by Cesare Zavattini, Bellissima (U) made in 1951, stars Italy's most famous actress, Oscar-winning Anna Magnani in a bravura performance.
Italian cinema gained international fame at the end of the Second World War when a group of innovative directors and screenwriters, including Roberto Rossellini, Cesare Zavattini, and Vittorio De Sica invented the Neorealist style of filmmaking, which employed a gritty, documentary style to tell heartrending stories about ordinary Italians in post-war Italy.