Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.


, Caesarian (US), Cesarean, Cesarian
1. of or relating to any of the Caesars, esp Julius Caesar (100--44 bc), Roman general, statesman, and historian
2. Surgery
a. short for Caesarean section
b. (as modifier): Caesarean birth



an operation for artificial delivery of a fetus in which the fetus and placenta are removed through an incision in the anterior abdominal wall and the body of the uterus.

A cesarean is performed on a live fetus when the woman is unable without assistance to bear the child alive (when the pelvis is narrow or deformed or in the presence of severe cicatricial changes of the vagina or placenta praevia). When there is excessive or acute hemorrhage, a cesarean is performed even on a dead or nonviable fetus in order to save the mother. The term “cesarean” formerly was incorrectly associated with the legend of the birth of the Roman dictator Gaius Julius Caesar by means of a similar operation.

References in periodicals archive ?
Approximately 20% of all births in 2013 in women with a history of one cesarean section involved a trial of labor, according to a recent report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Researchers also found a statistically significant association between elevated cesarean rates and lower average educational attainment.
These women should visit a specialist obstetrician to discuss the options of delivery before 36 weeks gestationso that they become aware of the risks and benefits of both vaginal birth andelective/planned cesarean explainsDr Tasneem Husaini Rangwala, Specialist Gynaecologist, Zulekha Hospital,Dubai.
She had long suffered from hypertension and high blood pressure, and had been instructed by doctors to undergo a cesarean section to avoid complications during her child birth.
The fundraising event benefiting the International Cesarean Awareness Network (ICAN), the night will include many elements of a typical high school prom - including the crowing of a prom queen - as well as a photo booth, professional event photographer, raffles, silent auctions, and swag bags.
While this paper is focused on preventing primary cesarean, it should be noted that VBAC (Vaginal Birth After Cesarean) continues to be grossly underutilized in lowering the overall cesarean rate, and women still routinely face obstacles in accessing VBAC, including bans, misinformation or provider surcharges.
Cesarean section has an important role in reducing the risk of maternal and fetal death due to parturition.
The study found that infants born to women who had a planned elective repeat cesarean had a significantly lower risk of serious complications compared with infants born to mothers who had a vaginal birth following a prior cesarean - the risk of death or serious complication for the baby is 2.
Placenta previa/accreta and prior cesarean section Obstet Gynecol 1985, 66(1) 89-92
Collecting blood from the umbilical cord of babies born by cesarean section, unlike vaginal births, must be done in a sterile surgical field.
SAN FRANCISCO -- Excessive gestational weight gain increased the risk of cesarean delivery in all ages; however, less so in pregnant teens than in adults in a population-based cohort study of more than 1,000,000 births.
Health insurance may promote the overuse of cesarean section in China, according to an analysis of data from surveys conducted in five rural counties between December 2008 and March 2009.