Chetniks

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Chetniks

 

(Russian, chetniki; Serbo-Croatian, četnici), in the Balkans:

(1) From the 15th to the 19th century, participants (mainly haiduks) in the armed struggle waged by partisan detachments for national liberation from the Ottoman yoke. Prominent members of the Chetnik movement in Bulgaria in the 1860’s included G. S. Rakovski, P. Khitov, F. Tofo, S. T. Karadzha, and Khadzhi Dimitur.

(2) Members of a reactionary organization, participants in the nationalistic Greater Serbia movement (headed by General D. Mihajlovic) and other antinationalist groups in Yugoslavia that fought against the forces of people’s liberation during World War II.

References in periodicals archive ?
Damir then brings her with him to the Safe House, where a militia has formed, a group trying to defend their town against both Serbian militias, called Cetniks, and from the JNA--the Jugoslav National Army.
Stallone also manned the CB radio, taking in strings of garbled code from other Safe House strongholds across the region, and alerting the captain of JNA plane sightings or Cetnik activity in the neighboring towns.
As Mojzes rightly asserts, the Serb Orthodox priests joined the Cetniks, with weapons in their hands, in killing thousands of non-Serb and nonOrthodox (p.
A similar process of reversion took place in the former Yugoslav countries: if in the early 1990s communism came to be depicted as the absolute evil, local opponents such as the royalist Serb Cetniks and the fascist Croat Ustase, after whom streets and places have been named, have been recuperated as heroes of their respective nations (Fine 181).
Two resistance movements emerged soon after the occupation: the Cetniks, led by Colonel (later General) Mihailovic, whose predominantly Serb forces were joined, overtaken and eventually defeated by the Partisans, skilfully organised by Josip Broz Tito, the Communist Party's General Secretary.
While all Yugoslav nations officially received equal recognition for liberating the country, the blame was also equally distributed--among the quislings and other anti-communists from all nations, but above all the Croatian Ustasas and Serbian Cetniks, between whom there was said to be little difference.
Revisiting World War II, when Nazi-linked Ustage, royalist Cetniks, and communist Partisans brutalized one another and the unaligned, the novel eerily anticipates the latest civil war.
While acknowledging violent acts on all sides, Dragkovic foregrounds those of Muslim Ustage and Serb Cetniks. His tale of twisted identities, its hero a Serb raised by Muslims, depicts what results when political ambition manipulates ancient memory stored as ethnic myth.
The nationalist Serbian Cetniks, who were led by Drama Mihalovic and connected to the Yugoslav government-in-exile in London, were stronger in Serbia than in Independent Croatia.
state authorities."(6) Serbian Cetniks, whose relationship with the Partisans degenerated from distrust in 1941 to warfare in 1943, also grew in number due to Ustasa attacks on Serbs.
At crucial stages, Bosnian Muslim assertiveness remains a reaction to the serial conflicts of others, such as Serbs and Croats, Serbs and Austrians, and cetniks and the Partisans.
During the war, Cetniks and Communist Partisans fought not only each other but also the invaders and the Ustasa state.