Chetniks

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Chetniks

 

(Russian, chetniki; Serbo-Croatian, četnici), in the Balkans:

(1) From the 15th to the 19th century, participants (mainly haiduks) in the armed struggle waged by partisan detachments for national liberation from the Ottoman yoke. Prominent members of the Chetnik movement in Bulgaria in the 1860’s included G. S. Rakovski, P. Khitov, F. Tofo, S. T. Karadzha, and Khadzhi Dimitur.

(2) Members of a reactionary organization, participants in the nationalistic Greater Serbia movement (headed by General D. Mihajlovic) and other antinationalist groups in Yugoslavia that fought against the forces of people’s liberation during World War II.

References in periodicals archive ?
As Mojzes rightly asserts, the Serb Orthodox priests joined the Cetniks, with weapons in their hands, in killing thousands of non-Serb and nonOrthodox (p.
A similar process of reversion took place in the former Yugoslav countries: if in the early 1990s communism came to be depicted as the absolute evil, local opponents such as the royalist Serb Cetniks and the fascist Croat Ustase, after whom streets and places have been named, have been recuperated as heroes of their respective nations (Fine 181).
While all Yugoslav nations officially received equal recognition for liberating the country, the blame was also equally distributed--among the quislings and other anti-communists from all nations, but above all the Croatian Ustasas and Serbian Cetniks, between whom there was said to be little difference.
The nationalist discourse in Yugoslavia, but especially in Serbia and Croatia in the late 1980s and early 1990s, sought a reconciliation between victors and losers of the Second World War who belonged to the same nation; between Partisans and Cetniks in the case of Serbs, and Partisans and Ustasas in the case of Croats.
Revisiting World War II, when Nazi-linked Ustage, royalist Cetniks, and communist Partisans brutalized one another and the unaligned, the novel eerily anticipates the latest civil war.
While acknowledging violent acts on all sides, Dragkovic foregrounds those of Muslim Ustage and Serb Cetniks.
Raised by a Muslim woman who thought him the orphaned son of a Muslim family murdered by Cetniks, the young Alija discovers that he is in fact Ilija,(10) the last living member of that family so hideously murdered by Muslim Ustase.
Moreover, the Cetniks were very loosely organized and were acutely concerned about provoking German reprisals against Serb populations through Cetnik attacks on occupying powers.
6) Serbian Cetniks, whose relationship with the Partisans degenerated from distrust in 1941 to warfare in 1943, also grew in number due to Ustasa attacks on Serbs.
The Italian Army concurred with this assessment and actively protected the Serbs in its sphere of influence, going so far as to cooperate with Serbian Cetniks.
At crucial stages, Bosnian Muslim assertiveness remains a reaction to the serial conflicts of others, such as Serbs and Croats, Serbs and Austrians, and cetniks and the Partisans.
During the war, Cetniks and Communist Partisans fought not only each other but also the invaders and the Ustasa state.