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(both: kĕchwī`ō), or


(sĕtĭwā`ō, –wī`ō, kĕ–), c.1836–1884, king of the Zulus. Cetshwayo gained ascendancy in 1856, when he defeated in battle and killed his younger brother, who was the favorite of their father, Umpanda. On his father's death in 1872, Cetshwayo took over. He was determined to resist European advances in his territory, and in Dec., 1878, he rejected British demands that he disband his troops. The British attacked in 1879, and they ultimately utterly defeated Cetshwayo at Ulundi. After a period of exile he was reinstated (1883) in rule over part of his former territory. Discredited by his defeats in the eyes of his subjects, Cetshwayo was soon driven out of Zululand to die in exile.



(sometimes incorrectly spelled Cetewayo). Born circa 1828; died Feb. 8, 1884. The last Zulu inKozi (ruler); ruled 1873–79.

Cetshwayo continued the policy of Shaka and Dingaan of strengthening the military organization of the Zulus. During the Zulu War of 1879, which was provoked by the British authorities, Cetshwayo’s troops at first won a number of victories. Subsequently, however, they were smashed, and Cetshwayo was taken prisoner. After becoming inKozi of part of the country again in 1883, Cetshwayo was defeated during an internecine war and deprived of the remnants of his power.


, Cetewayo
?1826--84, king of the Zulus (1873--79): defeated the British at Isandhlwana (1879) but was overwhelmed by them at Ulundi (1879); captured, he stated his case in London, and was reinstated as ruler of part of Zululand (1883)
References in periodicals archive ?
The 1870s saw a resurgence of the Zulus under their King Cetshwayo.
After many wars of national resistance against British colonialism led by African kings, such as Hintsa, Cetshwayo, Moshoeshoe, Sekukuni and Makado, Britain through its guns over the spears of the African people, seized the African country and handed it over to its colonial settlers.
Prince Mangosuthu Buthelezi, who played his great-grandfather King Cetshwayo kaMpande in the lm, said he was quite self-eacing despite his prominent role, which made him an international gure.
The battle came to be remembered as the single greatest defeat for the British army at the hands of a native army; the Zulu king Cetshwayo led the natives in a vicious attack the British would call a slaughter.
For example, the then-premier of KwaZulu-Natal, S'bu Ndebele, delivered a speech on the legacy of the nineteenth-century Zulu leader Cetshwayo in which he eulogised Fanon as a pivotal figure in African resistance to colonialism.
THE CATASTROPHE was set in motion when Sir Bartle Frere, the British high commissioner, decided that an independent Zululand under King Cetshwayo was an impediment to British interests in the region.
Vilakazi, however, had expressed the opinion, in his poem Khalani maZulu (1935), that peace is the supreme social good and that armed revolt had proved futile, even when led by figures as capable as Cetshwayo or Bhambada.
The Anglo-Zulu war was brought to a close in August 1879 with the capture and exile of the Zulu king, Cetshwayo, and the integration of the territory more fully into British-controlled South Africa.
1) Therefore, in December 1878, Sir Henry Bartle Frere, a powerful British colonial officer in Natal, issued an ultimatum to King Cetshwayo kaMpande, the Zulu king: Abolish the Zulu amabutho (conscription system) and accept a British imperial presence at the Zulu royal homestead--or face occupation by force.
Zulu king CETSHWAYO KAMPANDE - depicted in hit film Zulu, starring MICHAEL CAINE - has been honoured by English Heritage 120 years after his death, with a blue plaque at the house where he used to stay in Kensington, London.
Having picked up the front-running Cetshwayo with over a furlong to go, he looked set to win comfortably and was traded very short in-running.
In brief, the story is about the trials of Lord Chelmsford, the General Officer Commanding HM Forces in Southern Africa, who after the disaster of Isandlwana, on 22 January 1879, had to organise the final defeat of the Zulus under their King Cetshwayo.