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(both: kĕchwī`ō), or


(sĕtĭwā`ō, –wī`ō, kĕ–), c.1836–1884, king of the Zulus. Cetshwayo gained ascendancy in 1856, when he defeated in battle and killed his younger brother, who was the favorite of their father, Umpanda. On his father's death in 1872, Cetshwayo took over. He was determined to resist European advances in his territory, and in Dec., 1878, he rejected British demands that he disband his troops. The British attacked in 1879, and they ultimately utterly defeated Cetshwayo at Ulundi. After a period of exile he was reinstated (1883) in rule over part of his former territory. Discredited by his defeats in the eyes of his subjects, Cetshwayo was soon driven out of Zululand to die in exile.



(sometimes incorrectly spelled Cetewayo). Born circa 1828; died Feb. 8, 1884. The last Zulu inKozi (ruler); ruled 1873–79.

Cetshwayo continued the policy of Shaka and Dingaan of strengthening the military organization of the Zulus. During the Zulu War of 1879, which was provoked by the British authorities, Cetshwayo’s troops at first won a number of victories. Subsequently, however, they were smashed, and Cetshwayo was taken prisoner. After becoming inKozi of part of the country again in 1883, Cetshwayo was defeated during an internecine war and deprived of the remnants of his power.


, Cetewayo
?1826--84, king of the Zulus (1873--79): defeated the British at Isandhlwana (1879) but was overwhelmed by them at Ulundi (1879); captured, he stated his case in London, and was reinstated as ruler of part of Zululand (1883)
References in periodicals archive ?
Written by Jerry Pooe, this new production will tell the King Cetshwayo story in three episodes, looking at his preparation for battle, the epic battle itself at Isandlwana and then his capture and stay in London.
King Cetshwayo, who admired the British and Queen Victoria, did not wish to fight but was left with no choice after the invasion of his land and despatched his soldiers.
Concerned with growing Zulu power, in 1879 the British demanded a number of territorial and political concessions from King Cetshwayo.
Speech by Mr S'bu Ndebele, Premier of KwaZulu Natal on the legacy of King Cetshwayo Delivered During the Isithangami, Durban, 22 January 2007.
Meanwhile, King Cetshwayo, having rejected advice to mount a counter raid into British territory--he wanted Chelmsford to be the aggressor--instead had ordered his lieutenants to creep up on the British, taking advantage of the landscape.
Vilakazi, however, had expressed the opinion, in his poem Khalani maZulu (1935), that peace is the supreme social good and that armed revolt had proved futile, even when led by figures as capable as Cetshwayo or Bhambada.
The Anglo-Zulu war was brought to a close in August 1879 with the capture and exile of the Zulu king, Cetshwayo, and the integration of the territory more fully into British-controlled South Africa.
1) Therefore, in December 1878, Sir Henry Bartle Frere, a powerful British colonial officer in Natal, issued an ultimatum to King Cetshwayo kaMpande, the Zulu king: Abolish the Zulu amabutho (conscription system) and accept a British imperial presence at the Zulu royal homestead--or face occupation by force.
On the one hand, Dixie is a politically liberal observer with sympathies for the deposed Zulu king Cetshwayo.
Having picked up the front-running Cetshwayo with over a furlong to go, he looked set to win comfortably and was traded very short in-running.
47) He was also aware that the annexation would have repercussions for the relations of Britain with the Zulus, in that the British had now inherited Boer border quarrels with Cetshwayo, the Zulu King, who would no doubt look on this development as something of a diplomatic revolution.
In brief, the story is about the trials of Lord Chelmsford, the General Officer Commanding HM Forces in Southern Africa, who after the disaster of Isandlwana, on 22 January 1879, had to organise the final defeat of the Zulus under their King Cetshwayo.