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(both: kĕchwī`ō), or


(sĕtĭwā`ō, –wī`ō, kĕ–), c.1836–1884, king of the Zulus. Cetshwayo gained ascendancy in 1856, when he defeated in battle and killed his younger brother, who was the favorite of their father, Umpanda. On his father's death in 1872, Cetshwayo took over. He was determined to resist European advances in his territory, and in Dec., 1878, he rejected British demands that he disband his troops. The British attacked in 1879, and they ultimately utterly defeated Cetshwayo at Ulundi. After a period of exile he was reinstated (1883) in rule over part of his former territory. Discredited by his defeats in the eyes of his subjects, Cetshwayo was soon driven out of Zululand to die in exile.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(sometimes incorrectly spelled Cetewayo). Born circa 1828; died Feb. 8, 1884. The last Zulu inKozi (ruler); ruled 1873–79.

Cetshwayo continued the policy of Shaka and Dingaan of strengthening the military organization of the Zulus. During the Zulu War of 1879, which was provoked by the British authorities, Cetshwayo’s troops at first won a number of victories. Subsequently, however, they were smashed, and Cetshwayo was taken prisoner. After becoming inKozi of part of the country again in 1883, Cetshwayo was defeated during an internecine war and deprived of the remnants of his power.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


, Cetewayo
?1826--84, king of the Zulus (1873--79): defeated the British at Isandhlwana (1879) but was overwhelmed by them at Ulundi (1879); captured, he stated his case in London, and was reinstated as ruler of part of Zululand (1883)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
On Monday, Deputy Minister Chikunga will then proceed to Ngwelezana Hospital's Thuthuzela Centre, in Empangeni in the King Cetshwayo District and then host an engagement with public servants in the region.
The story of the Zulus' defiance against the English and Welsh Regiments during the Anglo-Zulu Wars in 1879 is a real-life David and Goliath story - and the show features performances from the Zulu royal family and descendants of King Cetshwayo himself.
King Cetshwayo, who admired the British and Queen Victoria, did not wish to fight but was left with no choice after the invasion of his land and despatched his soldiers.
Concerned with growing Zulu power, in 1879 the British demanded a number of territorial and political concessions from King Cetshwayo. The Zulu king's hesitancy to agree with them was used as an excuse for invading Zululand.
"Speech by Mr S'bu Ndebele, Premier of KwaZulu Natal on the legacy of King Cetshwayo Delivered During the Isithangami, Durban, 22 January 2007." South African Government Information.
THE CATASTROPHE was set in motion when Sir Bartle Frere, the British high commissioner, decided that an independent Zululand under King Cetshwayo was an impediment to British interests in the region.
Vilakazi, however, had expressed the opinion, in his poem Khalani maZulu (1935), that peace is the supreme social good and that armed revolt had proved futile, even when led by figures as capable as Cetshwayo or Bhambada.
The Anglo-Zulu war was brought to a close in August 1879 with the capture and exile of the Zulu king, Cetshwayo, and the integration of the territory more fully into British-controlled South Africa.
(1) Therefore, in December 1878, Sir Henry Bartle Frere, a powerful British colonial officer in Natal, issued an ultimatum to King Cetshwayo kaMpande, the Zulu king: Abolish the Zulu amabutho (conscription system) and accept a British imperial presence at the Zulu royal homestead--or face occupation by force.
Western rationalism also explains why British redcoats were better supplied with food and ammunition in distant Zululand than were King Cetshwayo's impis in their native plains--gallant warriors who nonetheless lacked the know how to manufacture Martini-Henry Rifles and ocean-going ships.
On the one hand, Dixie is a politically liberal observer with sympathies for the deposed Zulu king Cetshwayo. On the other hand, while embedded with the British troops, Dixie produces newspaper dispatches that are "increasingly impassioned and jingoistic," according to Anderson (125).
Having picked up the front-running Cetshwayo with over a furlong to go, he looked set to win comfortably and was traded very short in-running.