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or Sian
, city (1994 est. pop. 2,114,900), capital of Shaanxi prov., China, in the Wei River valley. Situated on the Longhai RR, China's principal east-west line, it is an important commercial, tranportation, and tourism center in a wheat- and cotton-growing area.
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References in periodicals archive ?
When the Chinese king Kwang peng-wang failed, in 763, to pay the regular annual tribute to Tibet of 50,000 pieces of silk, the chief Tibetan general Stagsgra klu-khong and Zhang mchims-rgyal-zigs attacked and captured the Chinese capital Ch'ang-an.
An example of affection-within-scene is [Li Po's] "A sheet of moonlight in Ch'ang-an.
In its most extreme form these were imperial cities: Rome, Constantinople, Ch'ang-an, Baghdad, or Tenochtitlan.
6 Plan of Ch'ang-an, the earliest Chinese city, c1500 BC
The markets of the Han capital, Ch'ang-an, bustled with merchants from across Asia, Buddhist missionaries travelled throughout the empire and the Han embraced a policy of expansion and discovery.
Computation shows that this eclipse would be total at Ch'ang-an, the capital at that time (the modern city of Xi'an), only for values of [Delta]T between 3.
Press, 1986), 940-41, and "Falconry in T'ang Times," T'oung Pao 46 (1959): 293-338; Alexander Soper, "A Vacation Glimpse of the T'ang Temples of Ch'ang-an, The Ssu-t'a chi by Tuan Ch'eng-shih," Arbitus Asiae 23 (1960): 15-40; Li Jianguo [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], Tang Wudai zhiguai chuanqi xulu [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (Tianjin: Nankai daxue, 1993), 2: 715-52.
Yu admits that "there is no direct mention of (Ch'eng) teaching the Chuang-tzu," but cites a Japanese scholar to the effect that the Buddhist pilgrim Ennin (794-864) mentions that Taoists had lectured on Chuang-tzu at abbeys in Ch'ang-an sometime previously.
Fa-tsang and the older Uisang had both been disciples in the 660s of Chih-yen (602-68) at the Chih-hsiang monastery in the Chung-nan mountains, just outside the T'ang capital of Ch'ang-an.
Furthermore, the Chinese seem to have expected that the Kirghiz would establish themselves in the Orkhon region; a letter from Wu-tsung's court at Ch'ang-an [CHINESE CHARACTERS NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII TEXT] to the Kirghiz ruler stated: "Now that the Uighur camp has been levelled, the mountains and rivers of our [two] nations are no longer separated.
Karlgren originally described his "Ancient" Chinese as "the language of Ch'ang-an around 600 A.
33) Tu Fu's line, "I heard that Ch'ang-an is like a wei-ch'i game," from the "Eight Poems of Autumn Meditations" ("Ch'iu-hsing pa-shou"), written in 767 in K'uei-chou (modern Feng-chieh area, Szechwan),(34) is a well-known example of the one-line quote.