Cheng Hao

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ch’eng Hao

 

Born 1032; died 1085. Chinese philosopher; a founder of neo-Confucianism.

Ch’eng Hao, together with his brother Ch’eng I, developed one of the fundamental ideas of neo-Confucianism—the concept of li. Li is a universal law that is both singular and diverse; it is inherent in and governs all people, things, and phenomena. Li is self-evident and independent, and it can be neither increased, or strengthened, nor diminished, or weakened. Ch’eng Hao was greatly concerned with the idea of existence as a continual process of birth and rebirth; all things possess a “life-giving principle”—namely, jen, or “humaneness.” Jen eliminates the barriers between the self and all else, and it unites the heavens, earth, and man.

REFERENCES

See references under CHU HSI.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
For example, referring to an instance of apparent disagreement between Ch'eng Hao (1032-1083) on the one hand, and Ch'eng I and Chu Hsi on the other, Lo remarked that "inasmuch as their theories all coexist, one must try to find a way to reconcile them and recover the ultimate unity" (p.