a Neolithic painted pottery culture of the second half of the third millennium B.C. The bearers of the culture inhabited the area between the Huang Ho and the Yangtze (Central China) and engaged in the cultivation of rice. The culture is characterized by polished stone axes and harvesting knives. Its bearers lived in ground-level post dwellings with many rooms. The most highly developed handicraft was weaving. The Ch’üchialing culture was replaced by the Lungshan culture.