Chaeronea


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Chaeronea

(kĕrənē`ə), ancient town of Boeotia, Greece, in the Cephissus (now Kifisós) River valley and NW of Thebes. There the Athenians and Thebans were defeated (338 B.C.) by the Macedonians under Philip II, and in 86 B.C. Sulla defeated the army of Mithradates VI of Pontus under Archelaus. Chaeronea was the birthplace of Plutarch.

Chaeronea

 

an ancient city in Boeotia, Greece. The battle of Chaeronea took place not far from the city on Aug. 2 or, according to some sources, Sept. 1, 338 B.C. In the battle, an army 30,000 strong under Philip II of Macedon clashed with forces of roughly equal strength sent by Athens and Boeotia. The joint action of the Macedonian cavalry and the left wing of the Macedonian phalanx decided the battle for Philip. The left wing, which was under the command of the king’s 18-year-old son Alexander (the Great), attacked while the cavalry outflanked the enemy’s right. Philip’s victory led to the establishment of Macedonian hegemony in Greece.

References in periodicals archive ?
The crucial battle took place in 338 at Plutarch's Chaeronea.
It was restored in 1902 by an organisation called the Order of Chaeronea.
Here Demosthenes and Hyperides are shown to be playing a zero-sum game of oratory after the battle of Chaeronea, delivering speeches whose thematization of the stark contrast between servitude and mastery sharpens the risks they are presently taking to avoid the one and acquire the other.
Hume tackles the rhetorical implications of such power in his essay "Of Eloquence," where he tries to account for the decay of public speaking, from the boldness and excess of Demosthenes's speech on the battle of Chaeronea to the pallid proprieties of modern parliamentary debates.
For Athens' recovery after Chaeronea and the nationalization of hoplite service, see Sekunda, esp.
Niese, Geschichte der Griechischen und Makedonischen Staaten seit der Schlacht bei Chaeronea (Gotha, 1903), Vol.
Principal battles: Chaeronea (338); Granicus (334); Issus (333); Arbela (Irbil)/Gaugamela (near ancient Nineveh) (331); Hydaspes (Jhelum) (326).
GREEK TEXT OMITTED] man was expelled;(32) at Abdera a poor man or slave;(33) at Chaeronea a slave;(34) at Leucas a criminal;(35) at Ephesus Apollonius chose a beggar to be pharmakos;(36) in the Diodoran romance of Iamboulos a stranger of another race is used.
Principal battles: Aquae Sextiae (Aix-en-Provence) (102); Chaeronea (86); Orchomenus (85); the Colline Gate (now within the city limits of Rome) (83).
Sulpicius Rufus, to replace Sulla with Marius ended when Sulla marched his six legions on Rome and captured the city, killing Rufus and driving Marius into exile (88); invaded Greece and captured Athens after a long siege (86), then smashed Archelaus' larger Pontic army at Chaeronea (summer?
The technique had worked well enough after Chaeronea,(42) and it is hard to believe that now, in an even greater crisis, there was not a positive avalanche of cheap but flattering honours.