Chagos


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Related to Chagos: Diego Garcia
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Chagos

 

a British archipelago in the Indian Ocean. Area, approximately 200 sq km. The Chagos Archipelago consists of five groups of coral atolls, which represent the tops of peaks of the submarine Maldive Ridge and are surrounded by coral reefs. The economy is based on fishing and the raising of coconut palms. An American military base is located on Diego Garcia, which, with an area of 25 sq km, is the largest atoll in the archipelago.


Chagos

 

a narrow trench in the central part of the Indian Ocean, at the foot of the submarine Maldive Ridge, east of the Chagos Archipelago. The Chagos Trench is bounded on the west by a ridge with a height of 1,000 to 2,000 m and on the east by a submarine swell with a height reaching 1,000 m. The trench is 900 km long and as much as 5,408 m deep. The width of its flat bottom is approximately 15 km. Foraminiferal oozes constitute the sediment in the Chagos Trench, which has a strong bottom current.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Britain, which has overseen the region since 1814, detached the Chagos islands in 1965 from Mauritius to create the British Indian Ocean Territory.
The ICJ President Abdulqawi Ahmed Yusuf observed: 'The UK has an obligation to bring to an end its administration of Chagos archipelago as rapidly as possible.' The ICJ ruled that separation of Chagos Islands from Mauritius during the island's decolonisation in the 1960s constituted an 'unlawful detachment' and was a 'wrongful act'.
The ICJ President, Abdulqawi Ahmed Yusuf, observed, 'The UK has an obligation to bring to an end its administration of Chagos archipelago as rapidly as possible.' The ICJ ruled that separation of Chagos Islands from Mauritius during decolonisation in the 1960s constituted an 'unlawful detachment' and was a 'wrongful act'.
The United Kingdom's continued administration of the Chagos Archipelago constitutes a wrongful act," chief judge Abdulqawi Ahmed Yusuf said.The United Kingdom is under an obligation to bring an end to its administration of the Chagos Archipelago as rapidly as possible, thereby allowing Mauritius to complete the decolonisation of its territory.
Britain says it will look "carefully" at a United Nations' court ruling that it should relinquish control of the Chagos Islands in the Indian Ocean, while stressing that the court's view is "an advisory opinion, not a judgment."
Summary: The Hague [The Netherlands], Feb 25 (ANI): In a major diplomatic victory for Mauritius, the UN's top court on Monday ruled that the United Kingdom (UK) should end its control of the Chagos Islands in the Indian Ocean "as rapidly as possible".
Concerning the illegal stripping of Mauritius's Chagos Islands' biggest island, Diego Garcia, by Britain, which is now home for a major US air base, Negm condemned the seizure, saying that it resembles the Balfour Declaration.
One of the microphones, called HA08s, is currently being held at Diego Gracia, a US bomber base in Chagos Archipelago.
Among the topics are contested sovereignty over land territory and maritime zones, navigating uncharted procedural waters in a rising sea of cases at the Permanent Court of Arbitration, certain controversial issues in the development of the international law of the sea, interpreting the dispute settlement limitations on fisheries after the Chagos Marine Protected Area Arbitration, weathering the 21st century: how the Convention contributes to responses to climate-related disaster events, and rights and obligations of states in the undelimited maritime areas: the case of the eastern Mediterranean Sea.
A team working on the Chagos Islands in the Indian Ocean
Foreign Office minister Sir Alan Duncan confirmed the UK has not "recently" discussed the impact on the Chagos Islands with officials from Donald Trump's administration.
In June, the General Assembly voted to refer the legal status of the British-ruled Chagos Islands to the ICJ.