Mauritius argued that the Chagos archipelago
was part of its territory since at least the 18th century and was taken unlawfully by the United Kingdom in 1965, three years before Mauritius gained independence.
Mauritius challenged UK's claim on the Chagos Archipelago
, saying that more than 50 years after the country got its independence from the British, and the process of decolonisation had remained incomplete as a part of it is still under its control.
The territory was established in 1965 when around 1,500 inhabitants of the Chagos Archipelago
were forcibly removed, after a deal between the United States and the United Kingdom to establish an American military base at the highest island there, Diego Garcia.
NEW YORK, June 23 (KUNA) -- UN General Assembly adopted a text requesting that the International Court of Justice (ICJ) render an advisory opinion on the legal consequences arising from the separation of the Chagos Archipelago
from Mauritius before that Indian Ocean island nation's independence in the 1960s.
Reaffirming Mauritius' "unwavering" support to India for UN Security Council membership, Jugnauth also welcomed New Delhi's support to the island nation's claim over the Chagos archipelago
. Both the UK and Mauritius have competing claims over the archipelago in the Indian Ocean.
We've all heard of the devastating effects climate change induced sea temperature rise has had on Australia's Great Barrier Reef but unfortunately this is a global problem and the reefs of the Chagos Archipelago
have not been spared.
It had been created after the UK Labour prime minister, Harold Wilson bluntly informed the Mauritian chief minister, Dr Seewoosagur Ramgoolam, that his country's independence would be speeded up if the UK retained the Chagos archipelago
rather than the remaining part of Mauritius.
Then in 2010, in the case of Chagos, Mauritius brought an UNCLOS proceeding against the United Kingdom over the Chagos Marine Protected Area, requesting, inter alia, that the tribunal determine who--Mauritius or the United Kingdom--had sovereignty over the Chagos Archipelago
. (62) As UNCLOS does not contain provisions on territorial sovereignty, (63) Mauritius's claim was a non-UNCLOS claim.
Diplomacy and negotiation were also used by Mauritius to convince the United Kingdom to obey an arbitral decision issued on March 18, 2015, regarding the Marine Protected Area around the Chagos Archipelago
in the Indian Ocean.
Off a small island in the Chagos archipelago
in the Indian Ocean, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) biogeochemists Konrad Hughen and Colleen Hansel use a special underwater drill to take a core sample from a boulder coral (Pontes lobata) during an expedition in 2015 (top left).
The dispute centered around the Chagos Archipelago
He recalled how, more than 40 years ago, Britain leased an island in the Chagos archipelago
to the US so that the latter could use it as an air base.