Chaika

(redirected from Chaika (disambiguation))

Chaika

 

a passenger car with a large-displacement engine, manufactured at the Gorky Automotive Plant (GAZ) since 1950. The Chaika GAZ-13 has been in production since 1959, and the GAZ-14, since 1977.

A seven-passenger car, the Chaika has a chassis-mounted, limousine-type body with three seats. The middle seat is collapsible. The engine is V-eight with a carburetor and produces, in the GAZ-14 model, 162 kilowatts of power, or 220 hp. In addition to a three-speed automatic transmission with a torque converter and planetary gearing, the drive train includes a single-reduction hypoid differential. The Chaika has power steering, hydraulic brakes with vacuum assist, and an independent, wishbone-type front suspension with coil springs. The rear suspension consists of two lengthwise, semielliptic leaf springs. A fully equipped Chaika weighs 2,385 kg, and its maximum speed is 170 km/hr.