Searching one of the best data bases for the works of Peter Illich Tchaikovsky, for example, would not yield the works of Petr Il'ich Chaikovskii
- or those listed under 18 other versions of the great composer's name.
knew that the land tax could hardly be revised, so he proposed collecting a small amount per unit of raw cotton shipped to European Russia.
These two new volumes are a gold mine for the Tchaikovsky (or Chaikovskii
, as its compilers prefer) devotee.
90) Yet a repertoire analysis of 1932 found that 57 percent of Moscow music broadcasting, or 15,000-20,000 numbers per year, consisted of works from the "heritage": first came Rimskii-Korsakov with 1,300 numbers, then Chaikovskii
and Schubert with 1,200 each, followed by Beethoven, Grieg, Mozart, Glinka, Musorgskii, Schumann, and so on.
If a user executes a search on Chaikovskii
, Petr Ilich, the system indicates only one hit, the cross reference to Tchaikovsky, Peter Ilich.
The two operas polarized a younger generation of composers: Petr Chaikovskii
and Rubenshtein united behind A Life, while the more nationalist-minded composers of the so-called Moguchaia kuchka (Nikolai Rimskii-Korsakov, Cesar Kiui, Modest Musorgskii, Aleksandr Borodin, and Milii Balakirev) lined up behind Ruslan.
45) These included thinkers like Herzen, Bakunin, Chernyshevskii, Tkachev, and Petr Lavrov and organizations such as Zemlia i Volia, Young Russia, the Chaikovskii
Circle, Narodnaia Volia, and more.
I wrote that Chaikovskii
shared the work ethic of the generation of the 1860s, despite his conservative social habits and a certain squeamishness of his demeanor; in Taruskin's succinct formulation, Chaikovskii
comes out as "a dedicated social climber and a snob.
The finest moment comes in a new reading of the duel scene in novel and opera, where Gasparov clinches Karlinsky's point, exposing the inability of Chaikovskii, or the composer's contemporaries, to respect the social codes that motivated Pushkin's characters in a manner that fully satisfied the poet's contemporaries.
John Wiley has even read deep and tragic portents into the peasant song-and-dance routine that Chaikovskii interpolated into the first act of Eugene Onegin.