Chaim Nachman Bialik

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bialik, Chaim Nachman


Born Jan. 9, 1873, in the village of Rady in the Volyn’ region; died July 4, 1934, in Vienna. Jewish poet.

Born into the family of a poor innkeeper, Bialik began his literary career in the 1890’s. Part of his poetic work is connected with the bourgeois Zionist movement and is permeated with nationalistic feelings. Some of his verses and narrative poems that voiced protest against the Jewish pogroms organized by the tsarist government gained wide popularity (On the Slaughter, 1904). They called for a struggle against passive submission to social and racial injustices. Bialik is the author of cycles of poetry and verses on nature and love (the narrative poem Radiance, 1901, and the lyric verses The Pool, 1904). The Scroll of Fire (1905) and The Dead of the Desert (1902) are pessimistic, symbolist narrative poems. In his prose he proved himself a master at portraying everyday life as well as depicting psychological traits (the short stories “Aryeh the Burly” and “Behind the Fence”). Together with I. Ravnitskii, he prepared and published the four-volume work Jewish Legends (2nd ed., Berlin, 1922). In 1920 he emigrated to Western Europe and in 1924, to Palestine. His works were published in Russian in 1910-12 and 1918.


Shirim. Warsaw, 1908. (In Hebrew.)
In Russian translation:
Stikhi i poemy. Tel-Aviv, 1964.


Redzen, Z. Leksikon fun der Yidisher Literatur, Prese un Filologi, 2nd ed., vol. 1. Wilno, 1926.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The origins of the twentieth-century pogrom narrative are usually attributed to Chaim Nachman Bialik's gut-wrenching Hebrew-language poem, "In the City of Slaughter," written in the immediate aftermath of the 1903 Kishinev pogrom.
The title of this article is taken from the translation of the poem "In the City of Slaughter" written after the 1903 Kishinev pogrom by Israel's national poet, Chaim Nachman Bialik.
The original Paper Brigade saved work by Maxim Gorky, Sholem Aleichem, Chaim Nachman Bialik, and Theodore Herzl.
And as far as poetry is concerned, the one who had the greatest influence on me was the Hebrew-Yiddish poet, Chaim Nachman Bialik. Even during my first years as a poet, when I became a member of the group of writers called "Young Vilna," people used to call me in jest "Chaim Nachman...
Real peace, peace between the peoples, peace between the children born this week, on the day of the funeral, in Tel Aviv and Ramallah, will only come about when Arab pupils learn the immortal poem of Chaim Nachman Bialik "The Valley of Death",Aa about the Kishinev pogrom, and when Israeli pupils learn the poems of Darwish about the Naqba.
Consider also this passage from Chaim Nachman Bialik's Random
In "Fascination with the Inexpressible" Mitgutsch quotes the Israeli poet Chaim Nachman Bialik to the effect that "the most dangerous moments -- in language as in life -- threaten us between disguise and disguise, when chaos appears." Then she shows how Plath and Sexton wipe out the lyric "I" with their images.
There are also three translations by Klein of the modern Hebrew poet, Chaim Nachman Bialik.
After reading Brown's lucid, highly informative, and incisive sketches of Vladimir (Ze'ev) Jabotinsky, Chaim Nachman Bialik, Berl Katznelson, Henrietta Szold, Golda Meir and David Ben-Gurion, it is somewhat disappointing not to find meatier reflections on the similarities and differences among these figures, insofar as their reactions to America are concerned.
Had he been around today, some critics noted, Chaim Nachman Bialik, Israel's national poet, wouldn't have been eligible for the Sapir, having composed most of his work while living abroad.
The great Hebrew poet, Chaim Nachman Bialik, immortalized the 1897 Congress with a poem entitled Mikra'ei Tziyyon ('The Assemblies of Zion'), and at its end, Herzl wrote "I founded the Jewish State in Basle.
Sitting on my shelves all this time has been Chaim Nachman Bialik's four-volume anthology of selections from the Midrash, Sefer ha-Aggadah ("The Book of Lore").