Chairil Anwar

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Chairil Anwar


Born July 26, 1922, in Medan; died Apr. 28, 1949, in Jakarta. Indonesian poet. Leader of the “1945 Generation.”

Chairil Anwar was influenced by the Dutch expressionist poets and by R. M. Rilke and T. S. Eliot. In patriotic poems, such as “We Are Ready” and “Pact With Sukarno,” he attacked both Japanese militarism and the British and Dutch interventionists. Several collections of his verse were published posthumously, including Thunder and Dust (1949), Sharp Gravel and the Discarded and Despairing (1949), and Three Against Fate (1950; coauthors, Asrul Sani and Rivai Apin).

Chairil Anwar’s amatory and philosophical lyric poetry is imbued with a deep sense of tragedy. It reflects the disjointed consciousness of the individual in an age when established values are being destroyed and men search instinctively for a new “point of support.” This point is sought, however, not in external traditions but in man himself, seen as an abstract and even asocial being. Chairil Anwar revealed the descriptive potential of the Indonesian language and profoundly influenced modern Indonesian literature.


The Complete Poetry and Prose. New York, 1970.
In Russian translation:
[“Stikhotvoreniia.”] In the collection Golosa trekh tysiach ostrovov. Moscow, 1963. Pages 19–38.


Sikorskii, V. V. Indoneziiskaia literatura. Moscow, 1965.
Boldyreva, M. A. Tvorchestvo indoneziiskikh poetov XX v. Amira Khamzakha i Kheirila Anvara. Moscow, 1976.
Jassin, H. B. Chairil Anwarpelopor angkatan 45. Jakarta, 1956.
Teeuw, A. Modern Indonesian Literature. The Hague, 1967.


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References in periodicals archive ?
Rubber forest plantation--new strategy for rubber plantation development in Indonesia," Chairil Anwar, Indonesia Rubber Research Institute.
She draws upon a range of figures including Sutan Takdir Alisjahbana, Amir Hamzah and Chairil Anwar to depict not only the richness of Indonesian literature) but also the difficulties generated by colonialism.
Those in Keadilan who want the party to survive because of its ideals are increasingly disturbed that Anwar is the center of attention, the 'poster boy' for liberal democracy and civil liberties," political commentator Chairil Anwar said.
We also learn that Nieuwenhuys was published in the same literary journal as the expatriate poets Vroman and Resink were, together with the Indonesian prose writers Pramoedya Ananta Toer, Mochtar Lubis, and Chairil Anwar.
Session 2--Prospects for Smallholder Rubber in Meeting Global Demands: "New directions and strategies for sustainable smallholders development in the natural rubber industry," Aliasak Arabia, National Association of Smallholders Malaysia; "The importance of research and development for the natural rubber smallholders," Nasaruddin Aris, Malaysian Rubber Board; "Identifying better crops for intercropping in the smallholders rubber system," Chairil Anwar, Indonesian Rubber Research Institute; and "Rubber diseases management: Way forward for ASEAN," C.