Chaeronea

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Chaeronea

(kĕrənē`ə), ancient town of Boeotia, Greece, in the Cephissus (now Kifisós) River valley and NW of Thebes. There the Athenians and Thebans were defeated (338 B.C.) by the Macedonians under Philip II, and in 86 B.C. Sulla defeated the army of Mithradates VI of Pontus under Archelaus. Chaeronea was the birthplace of Plutarch.

Chaeronea

 

an ancient city in Boeotia, Greece. The battle of Chaeronea took place not far from the city on Aug. 2 or, according to some sources, Sept. 1, 338 B.C. In the battle, an army 30,000 strong under Philip II of Macedon clashed with forces of roughly equal strength sent by Athens and Boeotia. The joint action of the Macedonian cavalry and the left wing of the Macedonian phalanx decided the battle for Philip. The left wing, which was under the command of the king’s 18-year-old son Alexander (the Great), attacked while the cavalry outflanked the enemy’s right. Philip’s victory led to the establishment of Macedonian hegemony in Greece.

References in periodicals archive ?
Among other bedfellows, the Messenians allied with Philip II of Macedon, remaining neutral at the Battle of Chaironeia and being rewarded with grants of Spartan territory including Methoni and the Ager Dentheliates on the west slopes of Taygetus.
Classical scholars had proposed several hills around Chaironeia as possible battle sites on the basis of Plutarch's description of the event.
In Plutarch's "Life of Sulla," the historian tells how two Chaironeia townsmen aided a great military victory for the Roman general Sulla.
These earthquakes affected Achaia, Boiotia, and the region of the Alkionidon and Malaic gulfs, destroying "countless towns and eight cities," among which Procopius enumerates Chaironeia and Koroneia, both in western Boiotia, Patras and Naupaktos at the west end of the Corinthian Gulf, and Echinus and Scarphea on the Malaic Gulf.