Chakravarti Rajagopalachari

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Rajagopalachari, Chakravarti


Born 1878 in a village near the city of Hosur, Madras Province; died 1972. Indian political figure and statesman.

The son of a well-to-do Brahman, Rajagopalachari was educated as a lawyer. In 1919 he joined the national liberation movement. He was secretary-general of the Indian National Congress in 1921 and 1922 and a member of the working committee of the party between 1922 and 1942 and in 1946 and 1947. He belonged to the party’s extreme right wing. Rajagopalachari was chief minister of Madras Presidency from 1937 to 1939. From 1948 to 1950, after India’s independence (1947), he was governor-general of the dominion of India. In 1950 and 1951 he was first minister without portfolio and then minister of the armed forces. From 1952 to 1954 he was chief minister of the state of Madras. Rajagopalachari founded the extreme right-wing Swatantra party in 1959 and remained its leader until the end of his life.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Three years earlier, Chakravarti Rajagopalachari - a confidant of Mahatma Gandhi, and the first Indian governor-general of the country - had predicted that "the centrifugal forces will ultimately prevail", bringing anarchy or fascism.
Surprisingly, and in the event, tragically though, the Congress leadership, except for Chakravarti Rajagopalachari (1878-1972), former leader of Indian National Congress, Premier of the Madras Presidency (1937-39), confined themselves to the jingoistic side of Gandhi's public pronouncements till the end, without looking at the constructive side of a segment of his political discourse on the Pakistan demand.
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His books have included biographies of both his grandfathers, Mahatma Gandhi and Chakravarti Rajagopalachari, India's first and only Indian Governor General.