Chalcidice

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Khalkidhikí

Khalkidhikí (khälkēᵺēkēˈ) or Chalcidice (kălsĭdˈĭsē), peninsula (1991 pop. 92,117), NE Greece, projecting into the Aegean Sea from SE Macedonia. Its southern extremity terminates in three peninsulas: Kassandra (anc. Gr. Pallene) in the west, Sithonia in the center, and Athos in the east. The region is largely mountainous, dry, and agricultural. Olive oil, wine, wheat, and tobacco are produced; magnesite is mined. In antiquity the peninsula was famous for its timber. Olynthus and Potidaea were the chief towns in antiquity; Poliyiros is today the leading town and an administrative center. The peninsula was named for Khalkís, which established colonies there in the 8th and 7th cent. B.C. In the 4th cent. B.C. the peninsula was conquered by Philip II of Macedon, and in the 2d cent. B.C. by Rome. The subsequent history of Khalkidhikí is essentially that of Thessaloníki.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Chalcidice

 

(also Khalkidhiki), a peninsula in northeastern Greece, between the Gulf of Salonika and the Gulf of Strimon of the Aegean Sea. The peninsula, which juts 120 km into the sea, forms three prongs: the Kassandra, Sithonia, and Ayion Oros peninsulas. The terrain is mountainous; the maximum elevation is 2,033 m, at Mount Athos on the Ayion Oros Peninsula. The Chalcidice Peninsula has Mediterranean shrubs and mountain forests. The city of Thessaloniki lies on the northwestern edge of the peninsula. On the slopes of Mount Athos stand about 20 monasteries.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Chalcidice

a peninsula of N central Greece, in Macedonia Central, ending in the three promontories of Kassandra, Sithonia, and Akti. Area: 2945 sq. km (1149 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
For during the war with Athens and the Chalcidian League he had been diverted to Pherae, from which he expelled the ex-tyrant Peitholaus;(5) and now that his hands were free he presumably consolidated his authority in Thessaly.
That he did operate in Thessaly after the Chalcidian War was in fact indicated by Polybius in a speech attributed to Chlaeneas.
279, who cites its reference to the obscure stories of the Chalcidian Arethusa and the Aethyiae, which suggest the Alexandrians' fondness for recondite local legends).
and those that inhabit coastal Thrace, I think there were three hundred thousand of these peoples ([Greek Words Omitted]).' There must be a reason why Herodotus designates the Chalcidians settled in Thrace, whom elsewhere he calls [Greek Words Omitted] (8.127), as 'the Chalcidic tribe' in this list of [Greek Words Omitted].
`No-one should have the idea that, while the Dorians amongst us are the Athenians' enemies, the Chalcidians are made safe by kinship with the Ionians (Unknown Words Omitted].
Plutarch, in his ''Dialogue on Love'', tells us that one side, the Chalcidians, won a victory because of the courage of a general named Cleomachus, who led their Thessalian allies:
When subsequently their hoplites also fled, the Chalcidians had a decisive victory.
1.8.4).(16) In the years after 358 B.C., when the kingdom of Philip was being increased in size, the name 'Macedones' was not granted to the conquered peoples - Illyrians, Paeonians, Chalcidians etc.
It is not inconsistent, he argues, for the Athenians to enslave the Chalcidians in Euboea, yet to allow the people of Leontini independence (6.84).