Chalcidice


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Chalcidice,

Greece: see KhalkidhikíKhalkidhikí
or Chalcidice
, peninsula (1991 pop. 92,117), NE Greece, projecting into the Aegean Sea from SE Macedonia. Its southern extremity terminates in three peninsulas: Kassandra (anc. Gr.
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.

Chalcidice

 

(also Khalkidhiki), a peninsula in northeastern Greece, between the Gulf of Salonika and the Gulf of Strimon of the Aegean Sea. The peninsula, which juts 120 km into the sea, forms three prongs: the Kassandra, Sithonia, and Ayion Oros peninsulas. The terrain is mountainous; the maximum elevation is 2,033 m, at Mount Athos on the Ayion Oros Peninsula. The Chalcidice Peninsula has Mediterranean shrubs and mountain forests. The city of Thessaloniki lies on the northwestern edge of the peninsula. On the slopes of Mount Athos stand about 20 monasteries.

Chalcidice

a peninsula of N central Greece, in Macedonia Central, ending in the three promontories of Kassandra, Sithonia, and Akti. Area: 2945 sq. km (1149 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Spartan operations in the Chalcidice region in the later years of the Archidamian War mark a change in Sparta's strategy that reveals the effectiveness of Athenian strategy up to that point.
Had they succeeded, they would have reversed much of the result of the First Peloponnesian War (and prevented Brasidas from leading his daring Spartan expedition to Chalcidice).
The last occurred after the Spartan victories in Chalcidice, at Amphipolis especially, and Athenian defeat on land in Boeotia at the battle of Delium.
Leading a ragtag force of elite Spartan soldiers and Helots who had been promised freedom for their service, Brasidas, the most daring and innovative Spartan general of the war, managed to make his way from the Peloponnesus through barbarian-controlled Thessaly and Macedonia to Chalcidice, where Athens had many important tribute-paying allies, silver mines, and lumber yards to supply wood for ships.
He also called the realm created by Alexander and his ancestors' the present-day(6) by-the-sea Macedonia', a rather vague phrase since Chalcidice and Bottice were both separate entities (2.101.5).
In the south Crousis, Chalcidice and Bottice were added.
The fragments of Theopompus which come from numbered books show that Justin's sequence of events was the same as that of Theopompus.(19) For the destruction of Olynthus and the settlement of Chalcidice were recounted in book 25 F 152.