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Greece: see KhalkísKhalkís
or Chalcis
, city (1991 pop. 51,646), capital of Évvoia (Euboea) prefecture, E Greece, on the island of Évvoia. Connected to the mainland by a bridge, the city is a trade center for local products, including wine, cotton, and citrus fruits.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(also Khalkis), an ancient city in Greece, on the island of Euboea. The city’s name is said to derive from the Greek word for copper (chalkos), which was mined nearby. The copper mines combined with Chalcis’ advantageous geographic location and fertile soil to make the city the leading economic center in Euboea.

Beginning in the eighth century B.C., Chalcis took part in the colonization of Thrace, Sicily, and southern Italy. The people of Italy acquired the Greek alphabet from the Chalcidians. At the end of the sixth century B.C., Chalcis fell under Athenian domination. Except for the period of the Peloponnesian War (431–404), the city remained under Athenian control until the mid-fourth century B.C. In 338, Chalcis fell under the sway of Macedonia.

In 168 B.C. the Romans took control of the city. In 146 B.C. they punished Chalcis for taking part in an anti-Roman uprising by sacking the city and tearing down its fortifications. Chalcis was later rebuilt and was used by first the Romans and then the Byzantines as a military base for control of the sea lanes along the eastern coast of Greece.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


a city in SE Greece, at the narrowest point of the Euripus strait: important since the 7th century bc, founding many colonies in ancient times. Pop.: 47 600 (1995 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Operation Chalcis was coordinated, planned, and executed under the command and control of Peake and his platoon leaders.
You wouldn't know it to look at them: There, arrayed in varying degrees of sartorial elegance, are the women of Chalcis, their black-clad chic matched by the pale linen splendor of Agamemnon (Ben Daniels).
We see this in Chalcis and Eretria and, on the Asiatic side, Magnesia on the Maeander, and other areas.").
(46) Diogenes has him fleeing Athens in disgrace, without having answered his accusers, then committing suicide by taking poison at Chalcis. (47)
The more nationalistic Chalcis gained the upper hand in the summer of 1978 and sent Babrak Karmal and a number of other prominent Parchamites, who tended to have pro-Soviet leanings, into exile as ambassadors to Soviet Bloc countries.
(91-3), in a `transitional' manner of fighting rather than in hoplite phalanxes (104-7), between Chalcis and Eretria, with only a few allies each (119-52), over possession of the Lelantine plain and Xeropolis (153-60), is plausible in itself and carefully argued.
The most favoured candidate for Eustathius' `ancient hexameter poet' has been Euphorion of Chalcis,(16) on the basis of an Iliad scholiast who describes Niobe's transformation as follows: [GREEK TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] adding [GREEK TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (fr.
Second, Rebenich posits that the famous dream Jerome recounts in Epistle 22 (in which Jerome forswears any further reading of pagan literature) did not occur in the desert of Chalcis, but four or five years earlier.
The pottery on display, for example, contrasts the sixth- and eighth-century BC undecorated, functional amphorae from Cagliari and Sulcis in Sardinia with the painted and highly sophisticated contemporary ceramics from Corinth and Chalcis (two eastern Greek states).
The last point to be made about section III deals with the example of Tynnichus of Chalcis which ends the first monologue.
On the death of Alexander in 323, an anti-Macedonian agitation broke out in Athens, and Aristotle withdrew to Chalcis, north of Athens, where he died the following year.
In 375 he undertook a two-year search for inner peace as a hermit in the wilderness, choosing the desert of Chalcis. A scholar and gourmet at heart, he longed for letters conveying news and found the desert food an unwanted trial.