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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



Semitic stock-raising tribes who settled in the outlying regions of Babylonia, on the northwestern coast of the Persian Gulf, in the first half of the first millennium B.C.

The Chaldeans were probably of Aramean origin; however, there is some evidence to suggest that they originated in southern Arabia. What language the Chaldeans spoke is open to dispute, since the aristocracy rapidly assimilated with the Babylonians and bore Accadian names. Moreover, there are no written texts that can be positively identified as Chaldean. In the Bible and in post-biblical tradition, a Baby Ionian-Aramaic dialect is referred to as the Chaldean language.

The Chaldeans who settled in the southern part of Mesopotamia gradually adopted a settled way of life and formed a series of principalities, such as Bit-Yakin. Most of these principalities were named after their founders. Beginning in the ninth century B.C., the Chaldeans and Elam fought Assyria for control of Babylon. In the second half of the eighth century and in the early seventh century, Chaldean princes managed to seize the Babylonian throne a number of times. Each time, however, the Chaldeans were driven out by the Assyrians. From 626 B.C. to 538 B.C. the Chaldean dynasty ruled Babylon. This dynasty, which included Nabopolassar and Nebuchadnezzar II, established the New Babylonian Empire.

In ancient Greece and Rome, priests and fortune-tellers of Babylonian origin were called Chaldeans. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the term “Chaldeans” was erroneously applied to the Sumerians.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
By forging relationships with other educational and cultural institutions, the museum not only nurtures pride within the Chaldean community but also promotes greater understanding between communities as part of the area's cultural diversity.
9:7) refers to the place of Abraham's birth as Ur Kasdim, literally "Ur of the Chaldeans." Academia generally identifies this city with the Sumerian city Ur (although others have suggested different sites).
BEIRUT: Lebanon's current political deadlock and unstable security situation are negatively impacting the situation of Iraqi refugees, Chaldean Bishop Michel Kassarji of Lebanon said Wednesday, calling for more help to the community.
Caption: In August 2014, more than 120,000 Chaldean Christians fled Qaraqosh, Iraq's largest Christian city, as the murderous forces of the Islamic State advanced.
Arameans, Chaldeans, and Arabs in Babylonia and Palestine in the First Millennium B.C.
Summary: Chaldean Patriarch Louis Sako says daily migration of Christians from Iraq is 'terrifying' and blames range of factors.
And a lack of priests has left only 18 Chaldean parishes, down from 30.
A total of 65,000 Armenian Orthodox, 15,000 Syriac Orthodox, 8,000 Chaldean Catholic and 2,500 Greek Orthodox believers reside in Turkey.
The research sample itself consists of sixty-six members of Melbourne's 5,000 strong Chaldean and Assyrian communities and the paper's focus is on informants' use of interpreting services (both professional and lay) and informants' provision of services as lay interpreters.
Louis and the Chaldean Catholic Church in Aleppo on Saturday, Hassoun reviewed the sublime meanings of the Christmas Day, calling for spreading amity among the people.
The synod of bishops of the Chaldean Catholic Church elected Father Emil Shimoun Nona, of the Archdiocese of Alqosh, to succeed Archbishop official Rahho.
In his homily yesterday, Chaldean Cardinal Emmanuel III Delly praised the establishment of Christmas as an official holiday as a step towards easing tensions.