Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.
Related to Chaldeans: nebuchadnezzar, Ur of the Chaldeans



Semitic stock-raising tribes who settled in the outlying regions of Babylonia, on the northwestern coast of the Persian Gulf, in the first half of the first millennium B.C.

The Chaldeans were probably of Aramean origin; however, there is some evidence to suggest that they originated in southern Arabia. What language the Chaldeans spoke is open to dispute, since the aristocracy rapidly assimilated with the Babylonians and bore Accadian names. Moreover, there are no written texts that can be positively identified as Chaldean. In the Bible and in post-biblical tradition, a Baby Ionian-Aramaic dialect is referred to as the Chaldean language.

The Chaldeans who settled in the southern part of Mesopotamia gradually adopted a settled way of life and formed a series of principalities, such as Bit-Yakin. Most of these principalities were named after their founders. Beginning in the ninth century B.C., the Chaldeans and Elam fought Assyria for control of Babylon. In the second half of the eighth century and in the early seventh century, Chaldean princes managed to seize the Babylonian throne a number of times. Each time, however, the Chaldeans were driven out by the Assyrians. From 626 B.C. to 538 B.C. the Chaldean dynasty ruled Babylon. This dynasty, which included Nabopolassar and Nebuchadnezzar II, established the New Babylonian Empire.

In ancient Greece and Rome, priests and fortune-tellers of Babylonian origin were called Chaldeans. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the term “Chaldeans” was erroneously applied to the Sumerians.

References in periodicals archive ?
By forging relationships with other educational and cultural institutions, the museum not only nurtures pride within the Chaldean community but also promotes greater understanding between communities as part of the area's cultural diversity.
Moreover, the classification of Chaldeans as Hamitic is not easily supported by the Bible.
Although President Rohani had promised better treatment of the countries' minorities, Bet-Kelia criticized the actions of the government toward his community, describing what he called discrimination and legal restrictions on Assyrian and Chaldean Christians as well as other religious minorities.
MORE THAN 120,000 Chaldean (Catholic) Christians forced out of Iraq by relentless ISIL advances and atrocities lie dormant in Kurdistan.
Ten essays are: Geshur: the southwesternmost Aramean Kingdom; Arameans, Chaldeans, and Arabs in cuneiform sources from the Late Babylonian Period; nachbarn, verwandte, feinde und gefahrten: Die oAramaero im Alten Testament; the political history and historical geography of the Aramean, Chaldean, and Arab tribes in Babylonia in the Neo-Assyrian Period; the Arameans in the West (13th-8th centuries); Early Iron Age KinneretuEarly Aramaean or just Late Canaanite?
At first, church staff were able to help everyone who came, regardless of religion, but Kassarji said they have recently had to prioritize Chaldeans, as money has run low.
The President also shared the delegation's concerns over lack of representation in the new electoral commission and vowed to make every effort to amend the law so that there is representation inside the electoral commission for Chaldeans, Assyrians, Turkmen and Armenians.
The Chaldeans in Syria doubled to about 30,000 as Iraqi Christians fled there when it was safer.
The Chaldean Catholic Patriarchate is based in Baghdad but many Catholics have left that area since 2000 because of religious persecution.
Chaldeans and Assyrians are minority groups in Iraq who differ ethnically, religiously and linguistically from the Arab and Kurdish populations.
The Chaldeans converted to Christianity in the first century A.
MOSUL: Gunmen kidnapped the Chaldean Catholic archbishop of Mosul yesterday in the northern Iraqi city and killed his driver and two guards, police said.