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Khalkís (khälkēsˈ) or Chalcis (kălˈsĭs), city (1991 pop. 51,646), capital of Évvoia (Euboea) prefecture, E Greece, on the island of Évvoia. Connected to the mainland by a bridge, the city is a trade center for local products, including wine, cotton, and citrus fruits. It is a popular resort with cement and other manufactures. The chief city of ancient Euboea, Khalkís was settled by the Ionians and early became a commercial and colonizing center. It established (8th–7th cent. B.C.) colonies on Khalkidhikí and in Sicily. The city was subdued by Athens (c.506 B.C.) and led the revolt of Euboea against Athens in 446 B.C. Again defeated, it came under Athenian rule until 411 B.C. In 338 B.C. it passed to Macedon. Aristotle died there (322 B.C.). In succeeding centuries the city was used as a base for invading Greece. In the Middle Ages it was named Negropont by the Venetians, who occupied it in 1209. It passed to the Ottoman Turks in 1470 and in 1830 became part of Greece. A diamond-shaped Venetian citadel is there.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(also Khalkis), an ancient city in Greece, on the island of Euboea. The city’s name is said to derive from the Greek word for copper (chalkos), which was mined nearby. The copper mines combined with Chalcis’ advantageous geographic location and fertile soil to make the city the leading economic center in Euboea.

Beginning in the eighth century B.C., Chalcis took part in the colonization of Thrace, Sicily, and southern Italy. The people of Italy acquired the Greek alphabet from the Chalcidians. At the end of the sixth century B.C., Chalcis fell under Athenian domination. Except for the period of the Peloponnesian War (431–404), the city remained under Athenian control until the mid-fourth century B.C. In 338, Chalcis fell under the sway of Macedonia.

In 168 B.C. the Romans took control of the city. In 146 B.C. they punished Chalcis for taking part in an anti-Roman uprising by sacking the city and tearing down its fortifications. Chalcis was later rebuilt and was used by first the Romans and then the Byzantines as a military base for control of the sea lanes along the eastern coast of Greece.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


a city in SE Greece, at the narrowest point of the Euripus strait: important since the 7th century bc, founding many colonies in ancient times. Pop.: 47 600 (1995 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
"Three of the eight men are over six-four," says Lynch (himself one of them), "so we're talking about some really big women." While the challenges the Iphigeneia chorus presented to the male members of the ensemble were obvious, even the four women found themselves hard pressed "getting back to that feeling of innocence and zest for life." To their surprise, they also had to admit that some of the men--who during dance rehearsals had christened themselves les grands chiens de Chalkis (the big dogs of Chalkis)--moved more gracefully and girlishly than they did.