Naomi Mitchison wrote Early in Orcadia after a friend took her to another of Orkney's chambered tombs
, Isbister, which has no passage entry, because "she knew it would waken something in me" (8).
Partly for reasons of convenience, most tourists are drawn to four monuments on the western part of the Mainland (which despite its name is actually the largest of the Orkney Islands): Skara Brae; the Ring of Brodgar and the Stones of Stenness, megalithic henge monuments that date back as many as 5,000 years; and Maes Howe, one of Europe's greatest chambered tombs
Tomb of the Eagles: Farmer Ronnie Simison discovered this neolithic, chambered tomb
on his land in 1958.
Giants Grave is a Neolithic chambered tomb
of the Severn Cotswold type and testimony to the dramatic change of lifestyle between the earlier hunter gatherers, and Gower's first farmers.
Permanent structures such the chambered tomb
- also known as dolmen or cromlech - were built by the first farmers in Wales during the Neolithic period from 4400 to 2300BC.
Researchers from the Welsh Rock Art Organisation have this week begun their excavation of Anglesey's least known Neolithic chambered tombs
- Perthi Duon.
Next day I turned back the clock a few millennia to find out about Orkney's Neolithic history, which includes the great henges of Brodgar and Stenness and the magnificent chambered tombs
Cummings (Archaeology, University of Central Lancashire) provides an introduction to the chambered tombs
of west Wales, northern Britain's west coast, coastal south and western Scotland, the Isle of Man, and the east coast of Ireland.
They include not only chambered tombs
but also standing stones which can be single or grouped in rows and circles.
This documentary shows how two archaeological teams, one from Reading, the other from Princeton University, looked at a number of Stone Age sites, which included chambered tombs
, cairns and stone circles in the British Isles.
Since the 1960s, Orkney, with its profusion of well preserved settlements and remarkably conserved chambered tombs
, has been regarded as one of the richest sources for the understanding of Neolithic Britain.
As well as natural beauty, the peninsula features Neolithic chambered tombs
, Bronze Age ritual sites, Iron Age Hill Forts and a 16th Century salt house.