Chamberlain, Joshua

Chamberlain, Joshua (Lawrence)

(1828–1914) soldier, educator; born in Brewer, Maine. The defender of Little Round Top at Gettysburg (July 2, 1863), he commanded the force that accepted the formal surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia (April 1865). He served as governor of Maine (1866–71) and was president of Bowdoin College (1871–83).
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.