Robert Chambers

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Chambers, Robert


Born Oct. 23, 1881, in Erzurum, Turkey; died July 22, 1957. American cytologist.

Chambers was appointed a professor at the Medical College of Cornell University in New York City in 1923 and was also a professor at New York University from 1928 to 1948. He was one of the first to work out the techniques of cell microdissection, or mi-crurgy. With the aid of a micromanipulator of his own design and a hydrostatically operated micropipette, Chambers and his co-workers were able to examine both isolated cells and cells in tissues, their research focusing on the physiochemical properties of cells.


Rubinshtein, D. L. Obshchaia fiziologiia. Moscow, 1947.
Heilbrunn, L. V. An Outline of General Physiology, 2nd ed. Philadelphia-London, 1949.
Höber, R. Physical Chemistry of Cells and Tissues, 2nd ed. Philadelphia-Toronto, 1946. (Contains bibliography.)
References in periodicals archive ?
15) The Bicetre was also frequently visited and publicized, most notably in a series of articles by Samuel Gaskell, which appeared in the popular Chambers's Edinburgh Journal in early 1847.
19) Chambers's Edinburgh Journal was available "in parts, as published" at the library of the Keighley Mechanics' Institute, where Patrick Bronte had a subscription, (20) as was the Mirror of Literature, which also published articles on idiocy in the decade leading up to the publication of Wuthering Heights.
24) Similarly, Barbara Goff has argued for Emily Bronte's awareness of certain aspects of contemporary natural theology and natural history, citing as justification Emily's familiarity with scientific and theological texts from her father's library and with "such animal lore as the 'Dogiana' columns of Chambers's Edinburgh Journal.
Chambers's Edinburgh Journal is also mentioned explicitly in Shirley, and in her Life of Charlotte Bronte Elizabeth Gaskell suggests that Anne Bronte had actually published poetry in Chambers's.
36) "Voisin on Idiocy," Chambers's Edinburgh Journal (11 November 1843): 338.
37) [Samuel Gaskell], "Education of Idiots at the Bicetre: Third Article," Chambers's Edinburgh Journal (13 February 1847): 105-6.
41) "Cretinism," Chambers's Edinburgh Journal (1 July 1843): 189.
42) [Samuel Gaskell], "A Visit to the Bicetre," Chambers's Edinburgh Journal (9 January 1847): 21.