Chambers, Robert,1802–71: see Chambers, WilliamChambers, William,
1800–1883, and Robert Chambers, 1802–71, Scottish authors and publishers. Their firm of W. and R. Chambers is best known for Chambers's Edinburgh Journal, which William started in 1832 and for which both brothers wrote, and
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Born Oct. 23, 1881, in Erzurum, Turkey; died July 22, 1957. American cytologist.
Chambers was appointed a professor at the Medical College of Cornell University in New York City in 1923 and was also a professor at New York University from 1928 to 1948. He was one of the first to work out the techniques of cell microdissection, or mi-crurgy. With the aid of a micromanipulator of his own design and a hydrostatically operated micropipette, Chambers and his co-workers were able to examine both isolated cells and cells in tissues, their research focusing on the physiochemical properties of cells.
REFERENCESRubinshtein, D. L. Obshchaia fiziologiia. Moscow, 1947.
Heilbrunn, L. V. An Outline of General Physiology, 2nd ed. Philadelphia-London, 1949.
Höber, R. Physical Chemistry of Cells and Tissues, 2nd ed. Philadelphia-Toronto, 1946. (Contains bibliography.)