Adelbert Von Chamisso

(redirected from Chamisso)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Chamisso, Adelbert Von

 

Born Jan. 30, 1781, at the Chateau de Boncourt in Champagne, France; died Aug. 21, 1838, in Berlin. German writer and naturalist.

Chamisso, descended from a line of the Lotharingian nobility, served as an officer in the Prussian Army from 1801 to 1806. From 1812 to 1815 he studied botany, zoology, and medicine in Berlin. From 1815 to 1818 he took part in an expedition around the world on the Russian brig Riurik, during which he kept a diary, published as Voyage Around the World (1834–36). In 1819 he discovered the alternation of generations (metagenesis) in organisms of the subclass Salpae.

Chamisso’s most famous work of fiction is the tale Peter Schlemihl’s Remarkable Story (1814; Russian translation, 1841). Employing the story of a man who loses his shadow, Chamisso reveals the psychological plight of contemporary man, tempted by wealth and threatened by the loss of his personality. Chamisso can only partly be considered a romantic, as Peter Schlemihl is actually an example of late realist literary trends. Chamisso’s lyric poetry expresses love for the common people, as well as an interest in social issues. These works include his translations of P. J. de Béranger as well as original works in the style of Béranger and the narrative poem The Exiles (1831). His “Frauenliebe und -leben” cycle (1830) was set to music by R. Schumann (1840).

WORKS

Werke: Gedichte. Edited by O. Walzel. Stuttgart, 1892.
Werke, vols. 1–3. Leipzig-Vienna [1907].
In Russian translation:
Izbr. proizv. v perevodakh rus. pisatelei. St. Petersburg, 1899.
Izbrannoe. Moscow, 1974.

REFERENCES

Istoriia nemetskoi literatury, vol. 3. Moscow, 1966.
Feudel, W. A. von Chamisso. Leipzig, 1971. (Contains bibliography.)

A. V. MIKHAILOV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in classic literature ?
Buckland to Beechey's Voyage; also the writings of Chamisso in Kotzebue's Voyage.
He knew of the volumes Adelbert von Chamisso brought from the Philippines 60 years ago including a copy of de Morga's Sucesos.
Additionally, the project will provide opportunities to qualified local businesses and suppliers along the pipeline route and employment for roughly 900 people hired directly,' said Bruno Guy de Chamisso, Chief Executive Officer of Spiecapag.
Spiecapag CEO Bruno Guy de Chamisso said: "Alongside our joint venture partner Macro Pipelines Inc., we are proud to be part of the Coastal GasLink Pipeline Project and to furnish our expertise in gas pipeline construction."
Liriope tetraphylla (Chamisso & Eysenhardt, 1821), Solmundella bitentaculata (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) and Aglaura hemistoma (Peron & Lesueur, 1810), fueron las especies mas abundantes (> 30 % de la abundancia total).
(Melastomataceae) and Cordia sellowiana Chamisso (Boraginaceae) in Sao Paulo state, Brazil (Demite et al.
Already familiar to singers familiar with the Schumann or Loewe settings of the same text, "Er, der herrlichste von allen" is from Lachner's setting of Frauenlieben und -leben, the cycle of poems by Adalbert von Chamisso. Lachner's work has enjoyed a resurgence of interest recently.
La especie Pinus patula Schiede ex Schlechtendal & Chamisso, se destaca como la de mayor potencial productivo y economico para Mexico y en algunas partes del mundo, por ejemplo se le tiene como especie exotica en Africa, Asia, Oceania, Caribe y Sudamerica (Nyoka, 2002).
(11) Un ejemplo de una coleccion organizada por el genero es la pequena "Linea C" de Interzona, dirigida por Marcelo Cohen y concentrada en la ciencia ficcion, donde la casi totalidad de los autores publicados son extranjeros (Steven Millhauser, China Mieville, Adalbert von Chamisso, Stanislaw Lem, Gene Wolfe, John M.