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an official major competition in any sport, held among sports associations or within a specific region (raion, city, oblast, nation, continent, world), in which the team or player capturing first place is declared the champion. In certain instances, “championship” (chempionat) is distinguished from “first place” (pervenstvo). In football and hockey, for example, adults compete for the USSR championship, and junior-class athletes and sports clubs compete for first place.
The Russian term chempionat is also used at livestock fairs in determining the best specimens of a given breed.