Chan Chan


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Chan Chan

(chän chän), ruins of an ancient city near Trujillo, N Peru. An early example of city planningcity planning,
process of planning for the improvement of urban centers in order to provide healthy and safe living conditions, efficient transport and communication, adequate public facilities, and aesthetic surroundings.
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, with a rectangular grid structure, it was probably begun in the period from A.D. 950 to 1400, and it is estimated that it may have contained as many as 200,000 people. Chan Chan is generally accepted as the capital of the ChimuChimu
, ancient civilization on the desert coast of N Peru. It is believed to have begun c.1200. The Moche, an earlier civilization, was previously known as early Chimu or proto-Chimu. After the decline of the Moche (c.
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, a pre-Inca civilization. It is on a large plain of the coastal desert, which was made arable by extensive irrigation works. Covering c.11 sq mi (28 sq km), the city comprised at least 10 self-contained, walled-in units. The walls, built of adobe brick, are decorated with relief designs.

Chan Chan

 

the ruins of the capital of the legendary kingdom of Chimor (the Chimú archaeological culture); located in Peru, near Trujillo, in the Moche River valley. Chan Chan, which dates from the first half of the second millennium B.C., had an area of about 18 sq km. Its center comprised rectangular palace complexes, with high (to 9 m) walls of mud brick; each complex included courtyards, storehouses and other outbuildings, and necropolises. Many walls were covered with textile-like reliefs depicting rows of geometricized birds, animals, and people. The edge of the city was randomly built up with dwellings of the common inhabitants.

REFERENCES

Kinzhalov, R. V. Iskusstvo drevnei Ameriki. Moscow, 1962. Pages 177–79.
Bashilov, V. A. Drevnie tsivilizatsii Peru i Bolivii. Moscow, 1972. Pages 125–27.
Keatinge, R. W., and K. C. Day. “Chan Chan: A Study of Precolumbian Urbanism and the Management of Land and Water Resources in Peru.” Archaeology, 1974, vol. 27, no. 4.

V. A. BASHILOV

References in periodicals archive ?
UNESCO scientists hinted at a massive erosion which may occur in recent future leading to an irreparable damage to the melting mud-bricks in the city of Chan Chan due to the exposure to more than 500 years of rainwater.
(Singapore), Chan Chan Chan (Singapore), King's Asian Gourmet (United States), Real Pickles (United States), Mama O's (South Korea), CHOI'S KIMCHI CO (South Korea), Nong Shim (South Korea), The pure produce company (Australia).
The Chimu culture flourished between 900 and 1450 AD on the northern coast of Peru and at its apogee, Chan Chan, which means resplendent sun, had 30,000 inhabitants.
However, during their time, Chan Chan and the rest of the Chimu Empire enjoyed a prosperous reign.
"In its wake came further recordings, world tours, solo albums and, for a while, this cluster of Cubans seemed inescapable -- the distinctive strains of Chan Chan, Dos Gardenias and Candela winding their way around restaurant tables, bar stools and dinner parties the world over," writes Laura Barton in The Guardian.
I want to stay fit and give my best to qualify for the Olympics." On a different note, Mary Kom when asked about the recent controversy on pregnancy tests conducted on World Championships bound boxers, said: " It is a routine test and should be done for the safety of athletes." Thirteen sportspersons -- gymnast Dipa Karmakar, judokas Kalpana Thoudam and Sushila Likmabam, boxers Sarita Devi, Mary Kom and Devendro Singh, hockey players Chinglensana Kangujam, Kothajit Singh, Chan Chan Devi and Sushila Devi, weightlifters Sanjita Khumukcham and Mirabai Chanu, and wushu player Yumnam Sanathoi Devi -- were honoured.
The set is composed of Cuban classics like Chan Chan, with American jazz standards echoing in refrains like Summertime, As Time Goes By and Somewhere.
He cites the case of Chan Chan in Peru, former capital of the Chimu civilization and the largest pre-Colombian city in Latin America, which is already severely exposed to flooding linked to the El Nino weather pattern.