Chancellor


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chancellor

1. the head of the government in several European countries
2. US the president of a university or, in some colleges, the chief administrative officer
3. Brit and Canadian the honorary head of a university
4. US (in some states) the presiding judge of a court of chancery or equity
5. Brit the chief secretary of an embassy
6. Christianity a clergyman acting as the law officer of a bishop
7. Archaic the chief secretary of a prince, nobleman, etc.

Chancellor

 

(Russian, kantsler; from German Kanzler).

(1) In the feudal states of medieval Europe, the highest official, whose duties included directing the royal chancellery and archive and keeping the state seal.

(2) In tsarist Russia, state chancellor (gosudarstvennyi kantsler) was the highest civil rank. According to the table of ranks of 1722, it corresponded to the military rank of field marshal (general-feVdmarshal).

(3) In Germany from 1871 to 1945, the Reichskanzler was the head of the government; from 1934 he also exercised the powers of head of state.

(4) In the Federal Republic of Germany and in Austria, the federal chancellor is the head of the government.

(5) In Great Britain, the chancellor of the exchequer is the minister of finance; the lord high chancellor is the chairman of the House of Lords.

(6) In Switzerland, the chancellor of the Federation is the leader in the secretariat to the highest federal executive and administrative bodies (Federal Council and Federal Assembly).


Chancellor

 

(Reichskanzler). (1) In the German Empire from 1871 to 1918, the sole minister of all of Germany and chairman of the Bundesrat. Appointed by the emperor, the chancellor was the executive head of the empire.

(2) In the Weimar Republic of 1919–33, the head of government, appointed by the president with the approval of the Reichstag. In 1933 so-called presidential cabinets were created, which in circumvention of the constitution did not rely on the confidence of the parliament. From 1933 to 1945, Hitler was chancellor, and in 1934 he consolidated the powers of the head of government and state, abolishing the office of president.

References in classic literature ?
"I will speak with both the young people," says the Chancellor anew, "and satisfy myself on the subject of their residing with their cousin.
The Chancellor is about to bow to the bar when the prisoner is presented.
Fair wards of court have faded into mothers and grandmothers; a long procession of Chancellors has come in and gone out; the legion of bills in the suit have been transformed into mere bills of mortality; there are not three Jarndyces left upon the earth perhaps since old Tom Jarndyce in despair blew his brains out at a coffee-house in Chancery Lane; but Jarndyce and Jarndyce still drags its dreary length before the court, perennially hopeless.
Without doubt the chancellor, Seguier looked about at that moment for the rope of the famous bell; but not finding it he summoned his resolution, and stretched forth his hands toward the place where the queen had acknowledged the paper was to be found.
The chancellor, who, on his part, trembled with an emotion easily to be conceived, took the letter, bowed to the ground, and retired.
The chancellor carried the letter to the king without having read a single word of it.
HYDERABAD -- Member National Assembly Sardar Rafique Ahmed Khan Jamali called on Sindh University Vice Chancellor Prof.Dr.
Dr Hassan Hameed was appointed the Chancellor of the Maldives' National University (MNU) whilst Dr Mohamed Zahir Hussain was appointed as the Chancellor of Maldives' Islamic University (MIU)
According to the sources, the Government College University vice chancellor who is retiring in a month has advertised some posts and called a meeting of the Selection Board on Friday (today).
Under the KP Universities Act, 2012, a pro-vice chancellor is supposed to be officiating VC in absence of the regular one.
KARACHI -- Sir Syed University of Engineering and Technology (SSUET) has appointed Prof Dr Vali Uddin as its new Vice Chancellor on strong recommendation by the Search Committee comprising eminent citizens of Pakistan i.e.
Three candidates including a woman have scaled the penultimate hurdle in the race to emerge as the new vice chancellor of the University of Abuja (UniAbuja).