Chancellor

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chancellor

1. the head of the government in several European countries
2. US the president of a university or, in some colleges, the chief administrative officer
3. Brit and Canadian the honorary head of a university
4. US (in some states) the presiding judge of a court of chancery or equity
5. Brit the chief secretary of an embassy
6. Christianity a clergyman acting as the law officer of a bishop
7. Archaic the chief secretary of a prince, nobleman, etc.

Chancellor

 

(Russian, kantsler; from German Kanzler).

(1) In the feudal states of medieval Europe, the highest official, whose duties included directing the royal chancellery and archive and keeping the state seal.

(2) In tsarist Russia, state chancellor (gosudarstvennyi kantsler) was the highest civil rank. According to the table of ranks of 1722, it corresponded to the military rank of field marshal (general-feVdmarshal).

(3) In Germany from 1871 to 1945, the Reichskanzler was the head of the government; from 1934 he also exercised the powers of head of state.

(4) In the Federal Republic of Germany and in Austria, the federal chancellor is the head of the government.

(5) In Great Britain, the chancellor of the exchequer is the minister of finance; the lord high chancellor is the chairman of the House of Lords.

(6) In Switzerland, the chancellor of the Federation is the leader in the secretariat to the highest federal executive and administrative bodies (Federal Council and Federal Assembly).


Chancellor

 

(Reichskanzler). (1) In the German Empire from 1871 to 1918, the sole minister of all of Germany and chairman of the Bundesrat. Appointed by the emperor, the chancellor was the executive head of the empire.

(2) In the Weimar Republic of 1919–33, the head of government, appointed by the president with the approval of the Reichstag. In 1933 so-called presidential cabinets were created, which in circumvention of the constitution did not rely on the confidence of the parliament. From 1933 to 1945, Hitler was chancellor, and in 1934 he consolidated the powers of the head of government and state, abolishing the office of president.

References in classic literature ?
In reference," proceeds the Chancellor, still on Jarndyce and Jarndyce, "to the young girl--"
In reference," proceeds the Chancellor with extra distinctness, "to the young girl and boy, the two young people"--Mr.
I will speak with both the young people," says the Chancellor anew, "and satisfy myself on the subject of their residing with their cousin.
The Chancellor is about to bow to the bar when the prisoner is presented.
Then give me that letter, madame," said the chancellor.
Without doubt the chancellor, Seguier looked about at that moment for the rope of the famous bell; but not finding it he summoned his resolution, and stretched forth his hands toward the place where the queen had acknowledged the paper was to be found.
The chancellor, who, on his part, trembled with an emotion easily to be conceived, took the letter, bowed to the ground, and retired.
The chancellor carried the letter to the king without having read a single word of it.
Chancellor Al Buainin thanked the Egyptian judges for their unrelenting judicial efforts during the period of their recruitment, praising contribution of the Egyptian Chancellors to promoting justice and human rights in the community.
He also presided a meeting of vice chancellors of various universities of Sindh.
HYDERABAD, September 12, 2009 (Balochistan Times): Vice Chancellors of the Universities of Sindh province while expressing serious concern over the disturbances in the campuses of the province, have decided to apprise the Governor Sindh/Chancellor and Sindh Chief Minister for improvement of law and order in the higher learning institutions.
Chatsworth may own America when it comes to high school baseball, but when it comes to the San Fernando Valley even the Chancellors bow down to El Camino Real of Woodland Hills.

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