Chandigarh

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Chandigarh

Chandigarh (chŭnˈdēgər), union territory (2001 provisional pop. 900,914), 44 sq mi (114 sq km) and city, NW India. The city is the capital of both Haryana and Punjab states. It was designed by Le Corbusier and built largely in the 1950s, on a site chosen for its climate and water supply, to replace Lahore, which was given to Pakistan when India was partitioned in 1947. Punjab Univ. is in Chandigarh. The territory is administered by the central government of India. When the Punjab was divided into the states of Punjab and Haryana, Chandigarh was retained as the capital of both states. It was to be transferred to Punjab in 1986, but violence due to Sikh separatism forced a postponement of the shift.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Chandigarh

 

a union territory of India, that is, an administrative and political unit in India controlled by the central government. Located in the northwestern part of the country, in the foothills of the Himalayas, Chandigarh has an area of 114 sq km. The population was 300,000 in 1975. The city of Chandigarh is the capital of the union territory.


Chandigarh

 

a city in northwestern India, at the foot of the Himalayas. Capital of the states of Punjab and Haryana (although not a part of either one) and of the Union territory of Chandigarh. Population, 257,000 (1971). Chandigarh manufactures woolens, knitwear, and pharmaceuticals. The city has a university.

The greater part of Chandigarh was built between 1951 and 1956 in accordance with a plan by a team of Indian and foreign architects headed by Le Corbusier. It combines a geometric system of transportation lines with picturesque landscaped pedestrian paths. It features principles of modern architecture and urban planning, including the use of dwelling units fully serviced with public utilities and transportation arteries differentiated according to purpose. Structures in the city also incorporate traditional Indian architectural devices, including the jali, or openwork lattice.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Chandigarh

a city and Union Territory of N India, joint capital of the Punjab and Haryana: modern city planned in the 1950s by Le Corbusier. Pop.: Pop.: 808 796 (2001), of city; 900 414 (2001), of union territory. Area (of union territory): 114 sq. km (44 sq. miles).
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005